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Agriculture and Food Security in Asia

Part of the Disaster Risk Reduction book series (DRR)

Abstract

Despite declining contributions to Asia’s gross domestic product (GDP) and generation of jobs, agriculture continues to play an important role in preventing famine and reducing chronic undernourishment in the region. Its ability to ensure food security outcomes, however, is complex as hunger persists even if more food is available than is actually consumed, on a per-capita basis. Equal attention needs to be given to physical and economic access to food, as well as the way food availability and access are translated into nutrition outcomes. Climate change has played an important role in shaping agricultural performance, which links back to all of the crucial perspectives in food security. While climate change impacts on yields are expected to continue, and even worsen in significant parts of the region, these are compounded by competing demands for scarce water resources, rural-urban migration, food prices, and the growing demand for food in the long term. Regional approaches to food security will need to be transformed to keep up with the pace at which climate impacts are changing landscapes for food security in the region and globally.

Keywords

  • Food security
  • Adaptation
  • Agriculture
  • Technology
  • Asia

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-8852-5_7
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Notes

  1. 1.

    Note: Data based on 3-year average of 2009–2011, the latest available data for Asia.

  2. 2.

    Regions that include Asian countries are (1) Western Pacific Region (WPR) A: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Japan, New Zealand, Singapore; (2) WPR B: Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Federated States of, Mongolia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea,Philippines, Republic of Korea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam; (3) Southeast Asian Region (SEAR) B: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste; (4) SEAR D: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal; (5) Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) B: Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates; (6) EMR D: Afghanistan, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Morocco, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen (UN WHO 2017c).

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Correspondence to Jose Ma. Luis Montesclaros .

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Montesclaros, J.M.L., Teng, P.S. (2021). Agriculture and Food Security in Asia. In: Pulhin, J.M., Inoue, M., Shaw, R. (eds) Climate Change, Disaster Risks, and Human Security. Disaster Risk Reduction. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-8852-5_7

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