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Policies and Institutions Shaping Human Security in an Era of Changing Climate and Increasing Disasters

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Abstract

Policies are the channels through which governments influence society and make course corrections for intended consequences. Institutions have the power to influence policy processes and outcomes and can determine the way governments engage with society. Policy formulation and implementation thus far have largely been based on populist assumptions and preferences with simple developmental outcomes in a simpler world. However, the advent of human security principles and efforts to apply these principles to policymaking has proved that the current policy and institutional systems are inadequate to fully address the human security needs of societies and countries. Climate change is one factor that has contributed to even more complexity to the ever-changing topology of issues that policies are expected to address today and in the future. Climate change has necessitated a need to revisit the current institutional and policy mechanisms so as to uphold human security. Keeping this need in view, this chapter presents a conceptual background on the role of institutions and policies in shaping human security in Asia. There is a need for conceptual clarity on what constitutes human security for these principles to start making a significant impact on policies and institutions as practical application of such principles is yet to emerge significantly. The available measures of human security consider a limited set of policy and institutional indicators and are incremental advancements over measures such as the human development index. Hence, they are yet to fully capture the multiple dimensions of human security in a practical manner.

Keywords

  • Human security
  • Climate change
  • Policies
  • Institutions
  • Human development

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Fig. 4.1

(The World Bank 2017)

Fig. 4.2

(Source Author)

Fig. 4.3

(Source Data from Hastings [2011] and Werthes et al. [2011])

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Acknowledgements

The author is grateful that part of this research was supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (2-1801) of the Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency of Japan and by the IGES Strategic Research Fund 2020.

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Correspondence to S. V. R. K. Prabhakar .

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Prabhakar, S.V.R.K. (2021). Policies and Institutions Shaping Human Security in an Era of Changing Climate and Increasing Disasters. In: Pulhin, J.M., Inoue, M., Shaw, R. (eds) Climate Change, Disaster Risks, and Human Security. Disaster Risk Reduction. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-8852-5_4

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