Skip to main content

The Effect of Mg and Mn Addition on Hardness, Tensile and Wear Properties of LM6 Aluminum Alloy

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Advances in Materials Research (ICAMR 2019)

Part of the book series: Springer Proceedings in Materials ((SPM,volume 5))

Included in the following conference series:


Aluminum and its alloys have become inevitable in the modern world. Today, aluminum has become the most preferred material by the engineers due to its peculiar properties such as light, strong, resilient, ductile at low temperature, high-strength to weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Aluminum has approximately 1/3rd of the weight of iron, copper, brass or steel. Aluminum alloys are widely used in modern aircraft industries and in various other transportation industries because of its improved properties. Among all series of Al alloys, aluminum-silicon alloy is widely used in the automotive industry because of its good castability, low cost and superior mechanical properties. In this study, the aluminum LM6 is alloyed with magnesium and manganese in three aspects i.e. LM6 aluminum alloy is added with 5 wt% magnesium as first specimen, LM6 aluminum alloy with 5 wt% manganese as second and LM6 aluminum alloy with both manganese (5 wt%) and magnesium (5 wt%) as third specimen was synthesized by stir casting method. The effect of Mg and Mn reinforcement with LM6 aluminum alloy on its hardness, tensile properties and wear loss were investigated.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Fortini A, Merlin M, Fabbri E, Pirletti S, Garagnani GL (2016) On the influence of Mn and Mg additions on tensile properties, microstructure and quality index of the A356 aluminum foundry alloy. Proc Struct Integrity 2:2238–2245

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Ravi Kumar V, Suresh R, Prakash Rao CR, Ravi Kumar DV, Bharat V (2019) Effect of heat treatment on tensile and corrosion properties of LM6 hybrid metal matrix composite reinforced with cenosphere and red mud. J Min Mater Charact Eng 7:1–17

    Google Scholar 

  3. . Ervina Efzan MN, Siti Syazwani N, Abdullah MMAB (2016) Microstructure and mechanical properties of fly ash particulate reinforced in LM6 for energy enhancement in automotive applications. In IOP conference series: materials science and engineering, vol 133, p 012046.

  4. Shivaramu HT, Umashankar KS, Prashantha DA (2018) Wear characteristics comparison of cast and powder metallurgy based Al and Al–Si alloy [LM6]. Mater Today Proc 5:8138–8146

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Shabestari SG (2004) The effect of iron and manganese on the formation of intermetalliccompounds in aluminum–silicon alloys. Mater Sci Eng A 383:289–298

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Ceschini L, Boromei I, Morri A, Seifeddine S, Svensson IL (2009) Microstructure, tensile and fatigue properties of the Al–10%Si–2%Cu alloy with different Fe and Mn content cast under controlled conditions. J Mater Process Technol 209:5669–5679

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Ibrahim MF, Alkahtan SA, Abuhasel KhA, Samuel FH (2015) Effect of intermetallics on the microstructure and tensile properties of aluminum based alloys: role of Sr, Mg and Be addition. Mater Des 86:30–40

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Naga Raju P, Srinivasa Rao K, Reddy GM, Kamaraj M, Prasad Rao K (2007) Microstructure and high temperature stability of age hardenable AA2219 aluminium alloy modified by Sc, Mg and Zr additions. Mater Sci Eng A 464:192–201

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Yildirim M, Özyürek D (2013) The effects of Mg amount on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Al–Si–Mg alloys. Mater Des 51:767–774

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Abedi M, Shahmiri BA, Esgandari BN (2013) Microstructural evolution during partial remelting of Al–Si alloys containing different amounts of magnesium. J Mater Sci Technol 29(10):971–978

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Morin S, Elgallad EM, Doty HW, Valtierra S, Samuel FH (2016) Effect of Mg content and heat treatment on the mechanical properties of low pressure die-cast 380 alloy. Adv Mater Sci Eng, 12. Article ID 7841380

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. Manojkumar .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2021 The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Manojkumar, S., Kumar, M., Ananth, M., Mageshwaran, G., Hariprakash, P. (2021). The Effect of Mg and Mn Addition on Hardness, Tensile and Wear Properties of LM6 Aluminum Alloy. In: Kumaresan, G., Shanmugam, N.S., Dhinakaran, V. (eds) Advances in Materials Research. ICAMR 2019. Springer Proceedings in Materials, vol 5. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics