Skip to main content

Varying Area Vibrating Structure in a Fluid for Energy Gain

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Advances in Systems Engineering


A high demand for an efficient design of on-board energy devices is the need of the hour, especially for executing commanded tasks, sometimes even at the cost of compromising mission accuracy. Therefore, on-board energy gains techniques pertaining to autonomous vehicles moving in a fluid require extensive research. Recent advances in the field of energy extraction techniques show that the flapping/vibrating motion can be varied from routine propulsion technique to energy extraction process. It is realized that a flexible area type vibrating (tail or wing) structure is better for enhancing power efficiency compared with fixed area type structures, but the main disadvantage of such flexible structure is that they are effected by viscous nature of the operating fluid. The present article focuses on to develop a new approach for energy gain and recharge power pack of on-board resources from the surrounding medium. The prime purpose of the energy gain is to create an autonomous vehicle by using the variable area (perforated plate) of a vibrating structure (tail fin). The robotic fish is designed in such a way that at the point of recharge the tail fin of the robotic fish points out of water and use the surrounding fluid (air) to scavenge energy. Techniques to scavenge energy from fluid (air) such as flapping tail fin and the other technique using a rotating tail fin with a nonlinear spring are mentioned. All results discussed only for air as a surrounding medium to scavenge energy.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  1. Viba J, Shtals L, Eiduks M (2009) Energy extraction from air or water by vibrations. Latvian J Phys Tech Sci Phys Tech Probl Energetics 46(2):3–12.

  2. Zhan J, Xu B, Wu J, Wu J (2017) Power extraction performance of a semi-activated flapping foil in gusty flow. J Bionic Eng 4:99–110.

  3. Boudis A, Benzaoui A, Ouall H, Guerri O, Bayeul-Laine AC, Coutier Delgosha O (2018) Energy extraction performance improvement of a flapping foil by the use of combined Foil. J Appl Fluid Mech 11(6):1651–1663.

  4. Hoke CM, Young J, Lai JCS (2015) Effects of time-varying camber deformation on Flapping foil propulsion and power extraction. J Fluids Struct 56:152–176.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Karbasian HR, Esfahani JA, Barati E (2015) Simulation of power extraction from tidal currentsby flapping foil hydrokinetic turbines in tandem formation. Renew Energy 81:816–824.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Xie Y, Lu K, Zhang D (2014) Investigation on energy extraction performance of an oscillating foil with modified flapping motion. Renew Energy 63(C):550—557.

  7. Liu Z, Lai JCS, Young J, Tian FB (2016) Numerical study on the performance of a flapping Foil power generator with a passively flapping flat plate. In: 20th Australasian fluid mechanics Conference, Perth, Australia

    Google Scholar 

  8. Liu W, Xiao Q, Cheng F (2013) A bio-inspired study on tidal energy extraction with flexible flapping wings. Bioinsp Biom 8.

  9. Tian FB, Young J, Lai JCS (2013) Improving power-extraction efficiency of a flapping plate From passive deformation to active control. J Fluids Struct 51:384–392.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Usoh CO, Young J., Lai JCS, Ashraf MA (2012) Numerical analysis of a non-profiled plate for flapping wing turbines. In: 18th Australasian fluid mechanics conference, Launceston, Australia, 3–7 December 2012

    Google Scholar 

  11. Viba J, Beresnevich V, Tsyfansky S, Kruusmaa M, Fontaine JG, Megill W (2011) New designs of fin type propulsive devices of robotic fish. In: 15th international conference on advanced robotics, Tallinn University of Technology, pp 625–630.

  12. Tipans I, Viba J, Irbe M, Vutukuru SK (2019) Analysis of non-stationary flow interaction with simple form objects. Agron Res J 17:1227–1234.

  13. Vutukuru SK, Viba J, Tipans I, Viksne I, Irbe M (2019) Analysis of flat plate vibrations by varying frontal area to the flow. Eng Rural Dev, 1408–1414.

  14. Tipans I, Viba J, Vutukuru SK, Irbe M (2019) Vibration analysis of perforated plate in non-stationary motion. Vibroengineering Procedia 25:48–53.

  15. Tsyfansky S, Viba J, Jakushevich V (2015) Radio controlled fish robot RR-9. J Transp Eng Mech, 98–103. ISSN 1407-8015

    Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors express their gratitude to RTU leading researcher Semyon Cifansky for the constructive solution of the robot fish as well as to the engineer Vladimir Yakushevich for providing experimental work.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Igors Tipans or Shravankoundinya Vutukuru .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2021 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Tipans, I., Viba, J., Vutukuru, S., Irbe, M. (2021). Varying Area Vibrating Structure in a Fluid for Energy Gain. In: Saran, V.H., Misra, R.K. (eds) Advances in Systems Engineering. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-15-8024-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-15-8025-3

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics