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Effective Feedback Strategies that Promote Critical Thinking Skills in Online Learning Environments: An Online Assessment Learning Perspective

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This paper presents a thematic analysis of how higher education instructors can effectively provide feedback in the online learning environment, in such a way that, it promotes critical and creative thinking skills in the students. Feedback has been a great point of interest to many researchers. However, previous research has mainly focused on analyzing student perception toward the feedback they receive in the learning environment but, little focus is being put on how effective feedback should be delivered to the students, in such a way that sparks their thinking to greater heights improving the learning process. This comprehensive review of literature will explore various interactive feedback strategies such as, those recommended by prominent researchers (Narciss, 2008) that instructors can utilize. The paper will provide dominant themes within several research literature on feedback, with an aim of enhancing the quality of feedback in the online learning environment.


  • Feedback
  • Assessment
  • Higher education
  • Course signals
  • Technology
  • Online learning

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-7579-2_10
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I wish to express my sincere appreciation to my major professor Dr. Tandra Tyler-Wood for sponsoring my studies and providing good academic advice and supports during my study.

I would also like to acknowledge Dr. Michael Spector who provided me with great resources that I used in this paper. Dr. Spector provided a lot of re-assurance when coming up with the paper and encouraged me to keep on working on it even when I had various concerns. Without Dr. Spector’s guidance and re-assurance, this paper would have not been as useful as it is.

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Correspondence to Sharon Ndolo .

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Ndolo, S. (2021). Effective Feedback Strategies that Promote Critical Thinking Skills in Online Learning Environments: An Online Assessment Learning Perspective. In: , et al. Expanding Global Horizons Through Technology Enhanced Language Learning. Lecture Notes in Educational Technology. Springer, Singapore.

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