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From Root to Return Routes: A Brief Tantric Description of the Passage from Being to beings

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Abstract

In this article I intend to present a contemporary Tantric theory of the passage from One to Multiple, according to the philosophy of Tantra Yoga formulated by Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. This passage is understood as an expression of a desire of what is the root of all things, Brahman. The routes of beings are drawn from a moment of bursting of a will (kāmabīja), which thereafter will tread a path back to their origin. This path to its source, to its root, is described in macrocosmic terms as the unbalance of two main forces, the force of consciousness (Śiva) and the blind force producer of individuality (Śakti). The monism inherent in this strand of Indian philosophy presupposes a play between these two elements, whose sum total is the unity itself, Brahman. This article will focus on discussing and describing the elements that compose these three terms: Brahman, Śiva and Śakti. Brahman, the One, the totality, is an immeasurable fact; trying to understand the root of all things is an attempt to objectify it by creating these two descriptive concepts, Śiva and Śakti. The dance between these two entities results in the process of unbalance, rupture and creation of multiplicity. The complete system by which the phenomenal universe arises from and returns to its noumenal cause is the system of the Brahman Cakra, that is, the process of creating imbalance from the root, and the pathways to seek the return of that balance. This process is the effort to explain the emergence of the multiple, the changes (parināma) in the fundamental root body, Brahman. This writing will focus on describing the first process, "prior" to the sprouting of beings, and the changes in nomenclatures of the agents involved in this movement, which indicate that creation is an imbalance between them.

Keywords

  • Ānanda Mārga
  • Tantra Yoga
  • Brahman
  • Prakṛti
  • Puruṣa
  • Consciousness

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de Carvalho, R.C. (2021). From Root to Return Routes: A Brief Tantric Description of the Passage from Being to beings. In: Giri, A.K. (eds) Roots, Routes and a New Awakening. Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-7122-0_6

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