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Benefits of Travel Motivation in Senior Adults: A Self-Determination Theory Approach

Abstract

This chapter posits a conceptual framework of push and pull factors relating to travel motivation in senior adults using the self-determination theory (SDT). In response to the increasing need for active and healthy aging, it is important to empower our senior adults with the positive mindset that they can still travel abroad despite of mobility challenges. Most senior adults are reluctant to travel abroad or outside of their hometown, primarily due to their perceived mobility which is related to autonomy, perceived travel competence and relatedness. With a suitable traveling companion, their need for relatedness could be satisfied. However, senior adults may face travel challenges such that their needs for autonomy and competence may be compromised (or may not be easily fulfilled). Empirical research has shown a strong bilateral relationship between autonomy and competence. If a senior adult feels that there is a perceived mobility challenge to travel out of the country, his or her perceived travel autonomy and competence may be undermined. This may lead to a lack of intrinsic motivation and a diminished impact of push factors (e.g., motivation). This preliminary exploration of autonomous motivation and satisfaction of basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness) in relation to traveling for senior adults is a timely move as it provides insights into motivational strategies to promote healthy aging. In addition, benefits of travel motivation among senior adults will be explored and discussed.

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Correspondence to Betsy Ng .

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Ng, B., Ho, G. (2020). Benefits of Travel Motivation in Senior Adults: A Self-Determination Theory Approach. In: Ng, B., Ho, G. (eds) Self-Determination Theory and Healthy Aging. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6968-5_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6968-5_10

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