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Transcranial Dynamic Fluorescence Imaging for the Study of the Epileptic Seizures

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Part of the Brain Informatics and Health book series (BIH)

Abstract

In last decade functional brain mapping has made significant strides through development of advanced methods, culminating into revolutionary diagnostic imaging and therapeutic applications of neurophotonics. Imaging technologies include intrinsic optical imaging, voltage-sensitive dye, photoacoustic, optical coherence tomography, multi-spectral imaging, UV, yellow light, thermal and near-infrared spectroscopy. Some of these technologies are not only used in animal studies of the model of epileptic seizures but also been in clinical trials. However, translation of such basic science application of brain mapping technologies into clinical setting remains challenging. In this paper we review current advances in the field, along with one clear focus on laser speckle contrast imaging and its application in epilepsy. Our conclusion is that functional brain optical imaging could play a key role in bridging between morphology and functional activity of the brain, and thus contribute to more accurate diagnostics and improved efficacy of the therapy. Coupling brain optical imaging with measurements of disease biomarkers and adding as well as other neuroscience techniques is making early diagnosis more effective and applicable for variable clinical tasks.

Keywords

Neurophotonics Brain mapping Fluorescence-based brain imaging Laser speckle contrast imaging Neurovascular coupling Transcranial fluorescent angiography Transcranial optical vascular imaging Translational research 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The images used in the Figs. 1, 2 and 3 are obtained by Dr. Vyacheslav Kalchenko, Weizmann Institute of Science

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary ResourcesWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael
  2. 2.Vice President for Administration and FinanceWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael
  3. 3.Psychiatric ArrayKaplan Hospital, The Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  4. 4.Founding Chairman of the Board of Directors, CEO and Scientific Director, President & Scientific Director, Society for Brain Mapping & Therapeutics (SBMT)Brain Mapping FoundationPacific PalisadesUSA
  5. 5.School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston UniversityBirminghamUnited Kingdom
  6. 6.Stephenson School of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  7. 7.Department of Biomedical EngineeringJohn Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  8. 8.Saint Petersburg State University, Translational Research InstituteSaint PetersburgRussia
  9. 9.Department of Anatomy and NeurobiologyUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  10. 10.Society of Brain Mapping and TherapeuticsSanta MonicaUSA
  11. 11.Brain Mapping FoundationWest HollywoodUSA
  12. 12.National Center for NanoBioElectronicsLos AngelesUSA
  13. 13.Brain technology and Innovation ParkLos AngelesUSA

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