Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Modules for Ship Applications

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


In this article, we proposed a more reliable architecture composed of five fuel cell modules (FC), a storage system composed of battery and supercapacitor was also proposed to support the operation of the fuel cell. The main objective of this work is to study the feasibility of using the global system for small marine applications. In this paper, the global system was modeled and then simulated using Matlab/Simulink. The fuel cell is used as the main power source; each fuel cell is connected with a DC bus via a DC–DC boost converter. The Energy Storage System (HESS) is controlled as a fast-bidirectional auxiliary power source, it contains a battery and supercapacitors and each source is connected to the DC bus via a bidirectional buck-boost DC–DC converter (BBDCC). In order to optimize the HESS, the supercapacitors and the batteries are designed to allow high-efficiency operation and minimal weight. The entire system’s energy management algorithm (PMA) is developed to satisfy the energy demand of the boat. Finally, simulation tests are presented in Matlab/Simulink and discussed, where the effectiveness of the proposed system with its control is confirmed.


Hybrid storage system Fuel cell system Ship system 


  1. 1.
    S. Tamalouzt, N. Benyahia, T. Rekioua, D. Rekioua, R. Abdessemed, Performances analysis of WT-DFIG with PV and fuel cell hybrid power sources system associated with hydrogen storage hybrid energy system. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 41(45), 21006–21021 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T.J. Leo, T.A. Durango, E. Navarro, Exergy analysis of PEM fuel cells for marine applications. J. Energy 35, 1164–1171 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Benyahia, H. Denoun, M. Zaouia, T. Rekioua, N. Benamrouche, Power system simulation of fuel cell and supercapacitor based electric vehicle using an interleaving technique. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 40(45), 15806–15814 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.P. Trovão, F. Machado, P.G. Pereirinha, Hybrid electric excursion ships power supply system based on a multiple energy storage system. IET Electr. Power Appl. 6, 190–201 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. Moreno, M.A. Pigazo, Future trends in electric propulsion systems for commercial vessels. J. Marine research 4, 81–100 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. Bouzelata, N. Altin, R. Chenni, E. Kurt, Exploration of optimal design and performance of a hybrid wind-solar energy system. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 41(29), 12497–12511 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Tamalouzt, F. Hamoudi, T. Rekioua, D. Rekioua, Variable speed wind generator associated with hybrid energy storage system-application for micro-grids, in 5th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC’2017) (Tangier, Morocco, 2017), pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    X. Yu, M.R. Starke, L.M. Tolbert, B. Ozpineci, Fuel cell power conditioning for electric power applications: a summary. IET Electr. Power Appl. 5, 643–656 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Caux, J. Lachaize, M. Fadel, P. Shott, L. Nicod, Modelling and control of fuel system and storage elements in transport applications. J. Process Control 15, 481–491 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. Benyahia, H. Denoun, A. Badji, M. Zaouia, T. Rekioua, N. Benamrouche, D. Rekioua, MPPT controller for an interleaved boost DC–DC converter used in fuel cell electric vehicles. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 27(39), 15196–15205 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. Luckose, H.L. Hess, B.K. Johnson, Fuel cell propulsion system for marine applications, in IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium (ESTS) (Baltimore, 2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, in Marine Applications for Fuel Cell Technology—A Technical Memorandum. 1986 OTA-TM-O-37 (U.S. Government, Washington, DC, 1986).
  13. 13.
    C.N. Maxoulis, D.N. Tsinoglou, G.C. Koltsatis, Modelling of automotive fuel cell operation in driving cycles. J. Energy Convers Manag. 45, 559–573 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Uzunoglo, M.S. Alam, Dynamic, modeling, design and simulation of a PEM fuel cell/ultra-capacitor hybrid system for vehicular applications. J. Energy Convers. Manag. 48, 1544–1553 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    IEEE, in Guide for the Design and Application of Power Electronics in Electrical Power Systems on Ships (IEEE Industry Applications Society, Std 1662TM, 2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Wang, D.J. Lee, W.J. Lee, Z. Chen, Analysis of a novel autonomous marine hybrid power generation/energy storage system with a high voltage direct current link. J. Power Sources 185, 1285–1292 (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Zenith, S. Skogestad, Control of fuel cell power output. J. Process Control 17, 333–347 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Othman, A. Anvari-Moghaddam, J.M. Guerrero, Hybrid shipboard microgrids: system architectures and energy management aspects, in 43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON’17) (Beijing, China, 2017), pp. 6801–6806Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire LTIIUniversity of BejaiaBéjaiaAlgeria
  2. 2.LATAGE LaboratoryMouloud Mammeri UniversityTizi-OuzouAlgeria
  3. 3.College of Engineering and TechnologyUniversity of DerbyDerbyUK

Personalised recommendations