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Blockchain and Data Sharing

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Abstract

Data sharing is very common in the era of big data and artificial intelligence as the convergence of data is the most prerequisite section of big data and machine intelligence happens based on high volume data feed. Blockchain is a new emerging technology, which holds vast possibilities and benefits to improve traceability and accountability of its stored data. It has significant advantages in unlocking the full potential of data sharing in multi-party scenarios. In this chapter, we introduce the basics of blockchain, which are organized into five layers: data layer, network layer, consensus layer, incentive layer and application layer. The details of each layer are elaborated accordingly. Afterwards, we emphasize the strengths of blockchain, including integrity, immutability, decentralization and verifiability. Finally, we make a list of the threats and challenges of blockchain to be overcame.

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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