Tracking the Progress of a Child from Enrolment to Completion of Secondary Education in India
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Using both rounds of India Human Development Survey (2004-05 and 2011-2012) data, this study has tracked the progress of students from enrolment to completion of the secondary level of education in India. Using a logit model, we have examined how in addition to family attributes the ‘access to school resources,’ and ‘learning activities’ of a child associated with the secondary and higher secondary school completion, post-enrolment. We find that household assets, parental education, and ‘computer or Internet usage by any household member’ are major determinants of secondary and higher secondary school completion by a student. The chances of completing both levels of schooling increase with the increase in the level of household assets and parental education, but the marginal effect of both is higher for government school children relative to private school children. We also find that the stumbling block (as a backward caste and Muslims) for most students lies at the entry to secondary school particularly for government school students. We also find that the completion of higher secondary school is robust to changes in caste and religion of the student. Moreover, the probabilities of completing higher secondary school by government and private school students are almost similar for children from the ‘wealthy families.’
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