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The overarching goal of maritime communication networks lies in satisfying the mission-critical applications and services at sea. Notwithstanding the significant traction gained by the intelligent marine networks services both for urgent search activities and perceptual modalities for future unmanned vessels, fundamentals of key enablers remain elusive in light of the challenges towards stringent reliability, latency and energy consumption requirements of mission applications. In this chapter, we first introduce the mission-critical applications and services at sea, as well the developing requirements. Moreover, the exacerbated challenges and research opportunities are listed in light of the multi-horizon, based on the analysis of unique characteristics and requirements especially for maritime search and rescue paradigm. Finally, we summarize our contributions related to architecture, computation-intensive tasks offloading and communication and computation resources allocation, which are of paramount importance towards mission-critical application driven intelligent maritime networks.
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