DEB: A Delay and Energy-Based Routing Protocol for Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks

Conference paper
Part of the Algorithms for Intelligent Systems book series (AIS)


This paper presents a delay and energy-based (DEB) routing protocol for the cognitive radio ad hoc networks (CRAHN). In the proposed system, a clustering approach is considered to divide the network, where the cluster formation is based on spatial variations of the spectrum availability. Once the cluster-based network is formed, the proposed protocol enables any source node to search and establish an efficient route to the destination node. Defined as a weighted graph problem, the proposed DEB routing protocol considers delay and energy to be the routing metric. Therefore, a link weight is measured through switching and queuing delay of the nodes along with their residual energy. It is anticipated that the proposed protocol selects stable paths while ensuring fast data delivery. The performance of the DEB protocol has been assessed through simulation and compared the results with existing protocols. It is observed that DEB exhibits better performance by outdoing the other protocols.


Cognitive radio ad hoc networks Clustering Routing protocol 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB)DhakaBangladesh

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