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EEG Motor Signal Analysis-Based Enhanced Motor Activity Recognition Using Optimal De-noising Algorithm

Conference paper
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Part of the Algorithms for Intelligent Systems book series (AIS)

Abstract

Brain–computer interface (BCI) technology provides a communication pathway using the human brain motor imaginary signal to develop applications like robotic hands and automated wheelchair, which are useful for the people who come with several motor disabilities. However, the signals which are acquired in a non-invasive approach come with various types of artifacts which badly effect on the accuracy of the prediction. For the above purposes, this paper proposes a model of human motor activity recognition using electroencephalogram (EEG) signal, in which three major time–frequency domain de-noising algorithms, i.e., Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and Savitzky–Golay filter are adopted for de-noising the signals acquired in a non-invasive approach. In this paper, initially, the EEG signals are de-noised using de-noising algorithm. After that, important statistical features from selected EEG channels of the dataset are extracted. Finally, the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification algorithm is used for classifying particular motor activities. Those three major time–frequency domain de-noising algorithms are compared based on five comparison metrics, i.e., mean squared error (MSE), mean absolute error (MAE), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), cross-correlation and the classification accuracy using SVM classification. For evaluating the proposed model, an online benchmarked dataset with four classes of motor activities has been used. Among the four classes, the first two classes are used in this research. Those are ‘Left-hand movement’ as Class 1 and ‘Right-hand movement’ as Class 2. The experimental result, the DWT-based de-noising method, shows optimal performance.

Keywords

Brain–computer interface EEG signals Signal de-noising Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) Savitzky–Golay (SG) filter Support Vector Machine (SVM) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of Asia PacificDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.School of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of AizuFukushimaJapan

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