Skip to main content

Behavior of the Chernobyl-Derived Radionuclides in Agricultural Ecosystems

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment II

Abstract

In this chapter, the key aspects of agricultural radioecology on the territory of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia, following the severe accident at the Chernobyl NPP, specifically, the iodine attack and population protection, the contamination of arable lands with long-lived radionuclides 90Sr and 137Cs, and their entry into the food chain, are considered. The factors governing the behavior of 90Sr and 137Cs in soil and their uptake by plants are examined in detail. A model has been proposed to study the behavior of 90Sr and 137Cs in the “soil–plant” system to identify the contamination of crops. Countermeasures for reducing the accumulation of radionuclides in crops and animal-derived food products are discussed, and an assessment of their effectiveness is provided.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

eBook
USD 16.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Notes

  1. 1.

    Polesye is a natural and historical region starting from the farthest edges of Central Europe into Eastern Europe.

References

  • Absalom JP, Young SD, Crout NMJ (1995) Radiocaesium fixation dynamics: measurement in six Cumbrian soils. Eur J Soil Sci 46:461–469

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ageyets VY (2001) System of radioecological countermeasures in the agro-sphere of Belarus. RIIPE Institute of Radiology, Minsk, p 241. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Aleksakhin RM, Buldakov LA, Gubanov VA, Drozhko EG, Il’in LA, Kryshev II, Linge II, Romanov GN, Savkin MN, Saurov MM, Tikhomirov FA, Holina YB (2001a) Major radiation accidents: consequences and protective measures. Moscow, Izdat, p 752. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Aleksakhin RM, Sanzharova NI, Fesenko SV, Kurganov AA, Mosharov VN (2001b) The main results of the work to eliminate the consequences of the Chernobyl accident in the field of agro-industrial production. NV Gerasimov, Moscow, pp 105–141. In Russian

    Google Scholar 

  • Aleksakhin RM, Sanzharova NI, Fesenko SV, Spirin EV, Spiridonov SI, Panov AV (2006) Chernobyl, agriculture, the environment. Materials for the 20-th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986. Obninsk, UNO, p 24. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Arapis G, Perepelyatnikova L (1995) Influence of agrochemical countermeasures on the yield of crops grown on areas contaminated by Cs-137. In: Kotsaki-Kovatsi V (ed) Aspects on environmental toxicology. Springer, Thessaloniki, pp 228–232

    Google Scholar 

  • Astasheva NP, Kashparov VO, Semenyutin AM, Lazarev NM, Loschilov NA, Romaov LN (1997) Method of life-time determination of specific activity of cesium in muscle tissue of farm animals: Directory for radiological services of the Ministry of Agriculture of Ukraine. Nora-Print, Tanjung Karang, p 176. (In Ukrainian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Baloga VI, Holosha VI, Evdin AT (eds) (2006) 20 Years after the Chernobyl accident. National report of Ukraine. Attica, Kiev, p 223. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogdanov G, Prister B, Lazarev N (1996) Radioecological aspects of radiosorbents application and their place in the system of countermeasures on the contaminated territory of Ukraine. The radioecological consequences of the Chernobyl accident. EUR 16544 EN, Luxembourg, pp 229–235

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogdanov GO, Prister BS, Strelko VV, Sjaskiy SV, Pronevich VA (2002) Methodology, endoecological justification and criteria for the integrated assessment of the use of sorbents in the production of milk in radionuclide-contaminated areas. Biol Anim 4(1–2):169–187. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogdevich IM (1996) Fundamentals of agriculture. In: Bogdevich IM (ed) Ecological, mediko-biological and social-economic consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe in Belarus. Institute of Radiobiology of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk, pp 52–102. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogdevich I, Sanzharova N, Prister B, Tarasiuk S (2001) Countermeasures on natural and agricultural areas after Chernobyl accident. Role of GIS in lifting the cloud of Chernobyl. Academic, Minsk, pp 147–158. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogdevich IM, Putyatin YV, Malyshko AV (2002) Influence of acidity of Sod-podzolic soil and doses of potassium fertilizers on 137Cs and 90Sr transition to clover meadow. Soil Sci Agrochem 32:219

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogdevitch I (2012) Fertilization as a remediation measure on soils contaminated with radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr. In: Bogdevitch I, Mikhailouskaya N, Mikulich V (eds) Fertilizing crops to improve human health: a scientific review. Volume 3: risk reduction IPNI, Norcross, GA, USA. IFA, Paris, pp 275–290

    Google Scholar 

  • Borzilov VA, Klepikova NV (1993) Effect of meteorological conditions and release composition on radionuclide deposition after the Chernobyl accident. In: Merwin SE, Balonov MI (eds) The Chernobyl papers. Research Enterprises, Richland, WA, pp 47–68

    Google Scholar 

  • Cremers A, Elsen A, De Preter P, Maes A (1988) Quantitative analysis of radiocesium retention in soils. Nature 335(6):247–249

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • De Cort M (ed) (1998) Atlas of cesium deposition on Europe after the Chernobyl accident. EUR16733, Brussels, p 65

    Google Scholar 

  • De Preter P (1990) Radiocesium retention in aquatic, terrestrial and urban environment: a quantitative and unifying analysis. Ph.D. thesis, K. V. Leuven, p 93

    Google Scholar 

  • Deville-Cavelin G, Biesold H, Bogdevitch I, Sanzharova N, Prister B (2002) FGI project № 2. “Radioecological consequences of the Chernobyl accident” Sub-project N 5 “Countermeasures on natural and agricultural areas”. Final report. Minsk

    Google Scholar 

  • Deville-Cavelin G, Alexakhin RM, Bogdevitch IM, Prister BS (2001) Countermeasures in agriculture: assessment of efficiency. Proceeding of the international conference “fifteen years after the Chernobyl accident. Lessons learned”, 18–20 Apr, 2001, Kiev, pp 118–128

    Google Scholar 

  • ECP-2 (1996) Experimental collaboration project № 2. The transfer of Radionuclides trough the terrestrial environment to agricultural products, including the evaluation of agrochemical practices. In: Rauret G, Firsakova S (eds) Final report. EUR 16528 en, Brussels, p 182

    Google Scholar 

  • ECP-5 (1996) Experimental collaboration project № 5. Behavior of radionuclides in natural and semi-natural environments. In: Belli M, Tikchomirov F (eds) Final report. EUR 16531 en, Brussels, p 147

    Google Scholar 

  • ECP-9 (1996) Experimental collaboration project № 9. In: Howard B (ed) Final report. EUR 16539 en, Brussels, p 249

    Google Scholar 

  • Fedorov EA, Prister BS, Romanov GN, Burov NI, Fedorova MN (1973a) Biological effect of young fission products on dairy cattle and their transition to livestock production. In: Annenkov BN, Dibobes IK, Aleksakhin RM (eds) Radiobiology and radioecology of agricultural animals. Atomizdat, Moscow, pp 70–140. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Fedorov EA, Romanov GN, Prister BS, Arkchipov NP, Alexakhin RM, Tikchomirov FA, Dibobes IK, Povaljaev AP (1973b) Recommandation on the management of agriculture and forestry in the radioactive contamination of the environment. Springer, New York, NY, p 101. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Fedorova TA (1968) Assimilation of plants by strontium and calcium depending on soil properties. Agrochemistry 6:108–114. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Garger EK (2008) Secondary rise of radioactive aerosol in the ground layer of the atmosphere. Institute of Nuclear Safety Problems of the NAS of Ukraine, Chernobyl, p 192. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Guntay S, Powers DA, Devill L (1996) The Chernobyl reactor accident source term: development of a consensus view. One decade after Chernobyl summing up the consequences of the accident. Vol. 2. IEAE – TECDOC-964. p 183

    Google Scholar 

  • Hove K, Strand P, Salbu B, Oughton D, Astasheva N, Vasilev A, Ratnikov A, Averin V, Firsakova S, Crick M, Richards JI (1995) Use of cesium binders to reduce radiocesium of milk and meat in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Environmental input of radioactive releases (Proceedngs of the international symposium, Vienna, 1995). IAEA, Vienna

    Google Scholar 

  • Howard BI (1993) Management methods of reducing radionuclide contamination of animal food production in semi-natural ecosystems. Sci Total Environ 137:249–260

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • IAEA (1994) Guidance on the use of countermeasures in agriculture in the event of the release of radionuclides into the environment. IAEA-TECDOC-745. IAEA, Vienna, p 104

    Google Scholar 

  • IAEA (2001) Present and future environmental impact of the Chernobyl accident TECDOC-1240. IAEA, Vienna, p 128

    Google Scholar 

  • IAEA (2006) Environmental consequences of the Chernobyl accident and their remediation: twenty years of experience. Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum Expert Group “Environment” (EGE). UN Chernobyl Forum Expert Group “Environment” (EGE), Vienna, p 166

    Google Scholar 

  • Il’in LA, Arkhangelskaya GV, Konstantinov YA, Likhtarev IA (1972) Radioactive iodine in the problem of radiation safety. Atomizdat, LA Ilyin, Moscow. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Il’yazov RG, Sirotkin AN, Kruglikov BP, Levakchin VI, Pjatnov UN, Michalusev VI, Yunusova RM, Cigvincev PN, Gvozdik AF, Gulakov AV (2002) Ecological and radiobiological consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe for livestock and ways to overcome them Ed Il’yazov Kazan, Phaethon, p 330. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Il’yazov RG (2006) Veterinary and radiological aspects of the Chernobyl disaster and the consequences of radioactive contamination in animal husbandry (dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident). Agric Biol 2:3–8. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Karaoglu A, Desmet G, Kelly GN, Menzel HG (eds) (1996) The radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accidents. European Commission and the Belarus, Russian and Ukrainian Ministries on Chernobyl Affaire, Emergency Situations and Health. EUR 16544en ESSC – EC – EAEC, Brussels, p 1194

    Google Scholar 

  • Kashparov VA, Ahamdach N, Zvarich SI, Yoschenko VI, Maloshtan IM, Dewiere L (2004) Kinetics of dissolution of Chernobyl fuel particles in soil in natural conditions. J Environ Radioact 72:335–353

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Konoplev AV, Viktorova NV, Virchenko EP, Popov VE, Bulgakov AA, Desmet GM (1993) Influence of agricultural countermeasures on the ratio of different chemical forms of radionuclides in soil and soil solution. Sci Total Environ 137(1993):147–162

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Konoplev AV (1998) Mobility and bioavailability of radiocesium and radiostrontium of accidental origin in the “soil-water” environment. Thesis Dr. biological sciences. Obninsk, p 250. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Konoplev AV, Bulgakov AA (1999) Kinetics of 90Sr leaching from fuel particles in soils of the Chernobyl exclusion zone. At Energy 86(2):129–134. (In Russian)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Konoplev AV, Konopleva IV (1999) Parametrization of 137Cs transition from soil to plants based on key soil characteristics. Radiat Biol Radioecol 39(4):455–461. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Konoplev A (2020) Mobility and bioavailability of the Chernobyl-derived radionuclides in soil-water environment: review. In: Konoplev A, Kato K, Kalmykov SN (eds) Behavior of radionuclides in the environment II: Chernobyl. Springer Nature, Singapore, pp 157–193

    Google Scholar 

  • Korneev NA, Sirotkin AN (1970) The excretion of 131I with milk in cows. Distribution, kinetics of metabolism and the radiobiological effect of iodine isotopes. Medicine 1970:16–19. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Korneev NA, Sirotkin AN, Korneeva NV (1977) Decrease radioactivity in plants and livestock products. Kolos, Moscow, p 208. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Kovgan LN, Likhtarev IA, Perevoznikov ON (2009) Experience of general dosimetric passportization of territories exposed to intensive Chernobyl fallout in Ukraine. Radiat Hyg 2(3):32–37. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Likhtarev I.A. (1996) Radiation-dosimetric passportization of settlements of the territory of Ukraine, exposed to radioactive contamination as a result of the accident at the ChNPP, including thyroid-dosimetric passportization. Instructive and methodological instructions. Kiev. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Los IP (1993) Hygienic assessment of dose-forming sources of ionizing radiation of natural and man-made origin and doses of irradiation of the population of Ukraine: Author’s abstract. dis... biological sciences. Kiev, p 41 (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Loschilov NA, Prister BS, Perepelyatnikova LV (1994) Management agricultural production in areas contaminated with radioactive elements. Recommendations. IAEA, Kiev, p 182. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Marey AN, Barkhudarov PM, Novikova HY (1974) Global precipitation of cesium-137 and man. Atomizdat, Moscow, p 168. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Marey AN, Zykova AS, Saurov MM (1984) Radiation communal hygiene. Energoatomizdat, Moscow, p 177. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Müller H, Pröhl G (1993) ECOSYS-87: a dynamic model for assessing radiological consequences of nuclear accidents. Health Phys 64(3):232–252

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nisbet AF, Konoplev AV, Shaw G, Lembrechts JF, Merkx R, Smolders E, Vandecasteele CM, Lonsjo H, Carini F, Burton O (1993) Application of fertilisers and ameliorants to reduce soil to plant transfer of radiocesium and radiostrontium in the medium to long term – a summary. Sci Total Environ 137:173–182

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Perepelyatnikov GP (2012a) Fundamentals of general radioecology: monograph, 2nd edn. Atika, Kiev, p 440. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Perepelyatnikov GP (2012b) Radioecological substantiation of rational crop management in case of pollution of territories by radioactive emissions after nuclear and radiation incidents. Thesis doctor of agricultural sciences, Kiev, p 32. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Burov NI, Buldakov LA, Panchenko IYA, Sirotkin AN (1978) Recommendations for early prediction of radiation damage, sorting and conservation of cattle when animals receive a mixture of young products of nuclear fission. Radioecology of Vertebrate Animals. Sat Art Moscow Sci:138–148. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Loschilov NA, Nemets OF, Poyarkov VA (1991) Fundamentals of agricultural radiology, 2nd edn. Harvest, Kiev, p 472. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Perepelyatnikov GP, Il'in MI (1993a) Actual problems of forage production in conditions of radioactive contamination of the territory. Report National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 1: 153–163. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Perepelyatnikov GP, Perepelyatnikova LV (1993b) Countermeasures used in the Ukraine to produce forage and animal food products with radionuclide levels below intervention limits after the Chernobyl accident. Sci Total Environ 137(1–3):183–198

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (ed) (1996) Agricultural aspects of the Chernobyl disaster. Sb Sci Tr 4:3–9. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Belli M, Sanzharova NI, Perepelyatnikov GP (1996) Behavior of radionuclides in meadows including countermeasures application. Proceedings of the first international conference “The radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident”. EC, Brussels, pp 59–69

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (1998) Agricultural management in conditions of radioactive contamination of the territory of Ukraine as a result of the Chernobyl accident for the period 1999–2002. In: Prister BS, Kashparov VA, Perepelyatnikova LV, Bogdanov GA, Kashparov VA, Lazarev NM, Mozhar PP Methodological recommendations. Kiev: Atika-N 137. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (1999) Consequences of the Chernobyl disaster for agriculture in Ukraine. Research CEPR, no. 20, Kiev, p 104. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister B., Howard B., Vinogradskaya V. (2001). Regularities of Chernobyl 137Cs and 90Sr behavior in a soil-plant system. International congress on the radioecology-ecotoxicology of continental and estuarine environments. Aix-en-Provence-France. 3–7 Sep. Ref. P2T11 (575)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (2002) Radioecological Consequences of the accident. Project № 2. Sub-project 3a: “SOIL – Plant Transfer. Franco-German Initiative for Chernobyl, Kiev

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Baryakhtar VG, Perepelyatnikova LV, Rudenko VA, Ivanova TA (2003a) Experimental substantiation and parameterization of the model describing 137Cs and 90Sr behavior in a soil-plant system. Environ Sci Poll Res 1:126–136

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Biesold G, Deville-Cavelin G (2003b) A method for the complex assessment of soil properties for predicting the accumulation of radionuclides by plants. Radiat Biol Radioecol 43(6):39–42. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (2006) Problems of predicting the behavior of radionuclides in the soil – plant system. In: Il’ljazov RG (ed) Agrosphere adaptation to technogenesis conditions. Academy of Science of Tatrstan Republik, Fan, Kazan, pp 85–124

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (ed) (2007) Farm management agricultural production in the territories contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl disaster in the remote period. Methodological recommendations. Kiev, Atika-N, p 196

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Aleksakhin RM, Bebeshko VG, Bogdevich IM, Likchtarev IA, Ivanov VK (2007) The Chernobyl disaster: the effectiveness of population protection measures, the experience of international cooperation. In: Prister BS (ed) Power and electrification. Atika, Kiev, p 103. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (2008) Problems of agricultural radiobiology and radioecology in the environment contamination with a young mixture of nuclear fission products: monograph, vol 320. Institute of Problem for Nuclear Safety of the NAS of Ukraine Chernobyl, Pripyat. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Aleksakhin R.M. (2008) Radiation protection of the population - lessons from the Kyshtym and Chernobyl accidents. Ed. Acad RM Aleksakhin (ed) XXXVI radioecological readings devoted to the actual member of the Vaskhnil VM Klechkovsky (28 Nov 2007, VNIISKhRAE, Obninsk). pp 47–74. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Vinogradskaya VD (2009) A model for predicting the dose of internal exposure of the population in the soil pathway for the inclusion of long-lived radionuclides in food chains. Probl Saf Atom Power Chornobyl 11:128–135. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS (2011) Radioecological consequences. Dynamics of radioactive contamination of terrestrial ecosystems and the effectiveness of protective measures. The National Report of Ukraine “Twenty-five years of the Chernobyl disaster. Security of the future”. KIM, Кiev, pp 37–57. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Vinogradskaya VD (2011) Kinetic model of 137Cs behavior in the “soil–plant” system, taking into account the agrochemical properties of the soil. Probl Saf Nucl Power Chornobyl 16:151–161. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Kluchnikov AA, Barjakchtar VG, Shestopalov VM, Kuchar VP (2016) The safety problems of the nuclear power. In: Prister BS (ed) The lessons of chernobyl. Supplemented, 2nd edn. Monograf, Chernobyl, p 356

    Google Scholar 

  • Prister BS, Vinogradskaya VD, Lev TD, Talerko MM, Garger EK, Onisha Y, Tischenko OG (2018) Preventive radioecological assessment of territory for optimization of monitoring and countermeasures after radiation accidents. J Environ Radioact 184–185:140–151

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Proceedings of the International Conference “Fifteen years of the Chernobyl disaster. Lessons learned” (2001). Kiev: Chernobylinform. Kiev, Ukraine, 18–20 Apr, 2001. p 144. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Pronevich VA (2013) Transformation of organic matter of drained peat soils under the influence of structural melioration. Agroecol J 1:50–54. (In Ukrainian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Pronevich VA (2014) Scientific bases of rehabilitation of drained peatlands and radioecological safety in agroecosystems of Polissya. Ref. Dissertation for obtaining sciences degree doc of agricultural sciences, Kiev. Insttitute of Agroecology and Nature Management NAANU, p 39 (In Ukrainian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Russell R (1962) Radioactivity and human food. Atomizdat, Moscow, p 375. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Russell RS, Possingham IV (1966) Physical characteristics of fallout and its retention on herbage. The entry of fission products into food chains. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p 2

    Google Scholar 

  • Salbu B, Krekling T, Lind DH (2001) High energy X-ray microscopy for characterization of fuel particles. Nucl Instr Meth Phys Res 467-468:1249–1252

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sanzharova NI, Fesenko SV, Kotik VA, Spiridonov SI (1996) Behavior of radionuclides in meadows and efficiency of countermeasures. Radiat Prot Dosim 64(1/2):43–48

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shevchuk VE, Gurachevsky VL (eds) (2001) 15 Years after the Chernobyl disaster: consequences in the Republic and their overcoming. National report. Committee on the Problems of the Consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster, Minsk, p 201. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Shevchuk VE, Gurachevsky VL (eds) (2003) Consequences of Chernobyl in Belarus: 17 years later. National report. Propylaea, Minsk, p 747. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Sirotkin AN, Burov NI, Fedorov EA, Koldaeva KA (1978) The receipt and exchange of radioisotopes in agricultural animals. Radioecology of vertebrates. Nauka, Moscow, pp 103–123. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Sirotkin AN (1992) Metabolism of radionuclides in the organism of agricultural animals. Agricultural radioecology. In: Aleksakhin RM, Korneev, NA (eds) Ecology. pp 92–106. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Squre HM, Middleton LI, Russel RS, Taylor R (1961) In: Loutit IF, Russel RS (eds) The entry of fission products into food chain. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p 3

    Google Scholar 

  • Zubets MV, Prister BS, Aleksakhin RM, Bogdevich IM, Kashparov VA (2011) Actual problems and tasks of scientific support of production of agricultural products. Agroecol J 1:5–23. (In Russian)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Additional information

Foreword from editors: The author worked at Experimental Scientific-Research Station (ESRS) on the territory of East Urals Radioactive Trail (EURT) for 19 years from 1962 to 1979 after graduation from Timiryazev Moscow Agricultural Academy in 1962. In 1967, Boris Prister defended Ph.D. thesis “The behavior of uranium in soil and biological chains” and in 1978 received a degree of Doctor of Science majoring in “Problems of agricultural radiobiology and radioecology in the areas contaminated with fresh mixture of nuclear fission products.” An awardee of USSR State Prize (1974) for the development and implementation of “Recommendations on agricultural practices on radioactively contaminated areas.” In 1986, immediately after the Chernobyl accident, on his initiative together with Academician Bogdanov G.A., State Program “Agricultural Radiology” was established by the USSR State Committee for Science and Technology and he was appointed as its scientific supervisor. He was awarded, together with a group of scientists, the State Prize of Ukraine in the field of science and technology in 2004 for a series of works on an integrated study of the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster and development of mitigation measures. Since 2004 he has been a principal research scientist of Institute of Safety of Nuclear Power of National Academy of Agricultural Science of Ukraine. Boris Prister has summarized his experience focusing on agricultural aspects of the Chernobyl accident.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Prister, B. (2020). Behavior of the Chernobyl-Derived Radionuclides in Agricultural Ecosystems. In: Konoplev, A., Kato, K., Kalmykov, S. (eds) Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment II. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-3568-0_5

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics