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A Comparative Analysis of Four Classification Algorithms for University Students Performance Detection

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InECCE2019

Abstract

The student’s performance plays an important role in producing the best quality graduate who will responsible for the country’s economic growth and social development. The labor market also concerns with student’s performance because the fresh graduate students are considered as an employee depends on their academic performance. So, identification of the reason behind student’s performance variation provides valuable information for planning education and policies. Many researchers try to find out the reason with different types of data mining approaches in different countries. However, none of them worked with Bangladeshi students. This paper proposed a model for identifying the key factors of variation Bangladeshi students’ academic performance and predicts their results. This paper proposes a model which able to identify the students who need special attention. Different types of feature selection methods were used such as Co-relation, Chi-Square and Euclidean distance to select valuable features and feature selections result through decision tree, Naive Bayes, K-nearest neighbor and Artificial Neural Network classifiers algorithm were compared. The performance analysis is done by using student SGPA and review on given facilities from a university. From the performance analysis result it is found that, decreasing number of classes in dataset, the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) (93.70%) performs better than Decision Tree (DT) (92.18%), K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) (77.74%) and Naïve Bayes (NB) (68.33%). However, an increasing number of classes in dataset the DT perform better than ANN, KNN, NB.

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Acknowledgements

Publication of this research work is supported by internal research grant RDU170376 funded by University Malaysia Pahang, https://www.ump.edu.my/. The authors would also like to thank the Faculty of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang for financial support.

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Correspondence to Asif Khan Shakir .

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Das, D. et al. (2020). A Comparative Analysis of Four Classification Algorithms for University Students Performance Detection. In: Kasruddin Nasir, A.N., et al. InECCE2019. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, vol 632. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-2317-5_35

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-2317-5_35

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  • Online ISBN: 978-981-15-2317-5

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