Spatial Distribution of Volcanic Ash Soil Layers by Cokriging Interpolation Method in Mashiki Town, Kumamoto

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 62)


In Mashiki town, Kumamoto, Japan, the earthquakes, of magnitude 6.5 and 7.3, struck on April 14 and 16, 2016. The earthquakes inflicted severe damage to residential areas because of liquefaction, sand boiling, and retaining wall collapse. Many residential land construct on volcanic ash soil ground. The soil is extremely sensitive and have a very low N-value. For future countermeasures to protect residences, it is important to clarify the volcanic ash soil layer distributions. The study revealed a relation to each distribution investigated for distribution characteristics of surface ground in Mashiki town and investigated Cokriging applied to distribution characteristic. The main conclusions are the following. (1) Show that correlation of the ground surface and the elevation values of volcanic ash soil layer is high. (2) The borehole logs of Kuroboku, Akaboku in Mashiki town, and Haido show few results. However, objective spatial distribution estimation is possible when applying Cokriging.


volcanic ash soil geographical information system (GIS) geo-information database 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. T. Mukunoki, K. Kasama, S. Murakami, H. Ikemi, R. Ishikura, T. Fujikawa, N. Yasufuku, Y. Kitazono. (2016). Reconnaissance report on geotechnical damage caused by an earthquake with JMA seismic intensity 7 twice in 28 h, Kumamoto, Japan. Soils and Foundations, 58(6), pp 947–1088.Google Scholar
  2. H. Nomiyama, S. Murakami, R. Hirata. (2018). Spatial distribution of volcanic ash soil layers in Mashiki town, Kumamoto, ISLT2018, pp 78–79.Google Scholar
  3. Social corporation kumamoot geological survey of editing committee (2013). Ground map around Kumamoto, pp 129–132.Google Scholar
  4. Social corporation ground engineering society (2007), introductory series 33. Application of GIS to disaster prevention and environment, Tokosha Inc, pp 60–61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fukuoka UniversityFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations