Advertisement

Space Vehicle Orbital Determination Performance Analysis Considering GNSS Side Lobe Signals

Conference paper
  • 359 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 622)

Abstract

Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), which were originally designed for terrestrial location service, are now developed for utility in space, which are called GNSS Space Service Volume (SSV). One major problem that SSV confronts is the poor satellite availability in high orbital vehicles when main beam signals are solely used. Recently, side lobe signals, the signals emitted sideways from transmitter antennas, have been proposed to improve the SSV performance. It is necessary to study the GNSS SSV with the presence of side lobe signals. In this paper, the system improvement owing to the side lobe signals in high orbital vehicles for specific missions is quantitatively evaluated. Different multi-constellation conditions and system setups are taken into account as factors. GPS and BDS III constellations are simulated, and the satellite availability and the maximum outage duration (MOD) are assessed in three scenarios, the GEO, HEO, and lunar trajectory, in different heights. The experimental results indicate that the side lobe signals can effectively improve satellite availability for space users, especially in the upper SSV. Moreover, it shows that the advantages of multi-constellation interoperability lie in improving signal availability and shortening the MOD.

Keywords

Space service volume Side lobe signal Satellite availability Maximum outage duration Orbital determination 

References

  1. 1.
    Working Group B (WG-B) of the International Committee on GNSS (ICG) (2018) The interoperable global navigation satellite systems space service volume. Publishing and Library Section of United Nations Office , Vienna, pp 1–35Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Enderle W, Schoenemann E (2017) GNSS space service volume & user perspective. Munich Satellite Navigation Summit 2017, Munich, Germany, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Enderle W, Schmidhuber M, Gill E, Montenbruck O, Braun A, Lemke N, Balbach O, Eisfeller B (1998) GPS performance for GEOs and HEOs: the EQUATOR-S spacecraft mission. In: Thirteenth international symposium on space flight dynamics. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt Maryland, United States, p 1Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Winternitz LB, Bamford WA, Price SR, Carpenter JR, Long AC, Farahmand M (2017) Global positioning system navigation above 76,000 km for NASA’S magnetospheric multiscale mission, vol 64, pp 289–300Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Filippi H, Gottzein E, Kuehl C, Mueller C, Barrios-Montalvo A, Dauphin H (2010) Feasibility of GNSS receivers for satellite navigation in GEO and higher altitudes. In: 2010 5th ESA workshop on satellite navigation technologies and European workshop on GNSS signals and signal processing (NAVITEC), Noordwijk, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhan CX, Liu B, Yuan W (2017) SSV visibility evaluation based on different GPS transmitting antenna characteristics. In: 2017 Forum on cooperative positioning and service (CPGPS), Harbin, pp 2–3Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yang W (2010) Phasing orbit design for Chinese lunar satellite CE-1. Chinese Space Science and TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen L (2016) Research of high orbit spacecraft positioning technology based on GNSS. Ph.D. thesis, National University of Defense TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    GPS World Staff (2013) GIOVE—a uses GPS side lobe signals for far-out space navigation. GPS World, pp 1–2Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Balbach O, Eissfeller B, Hein GW, Enderle W, Schmidhuber M, Lemke N (1998) Tracking GPS above GPS satellite altitude: first results of the GPS experiment on the HEO mission Equator-S. In: IEEE 1998 position location and navigation symposiumGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jing S, Zhan X, Lu J, Feng S, Ochieng WY (2015) Characterisation of GNSS space service volume. J Navig 68:107–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    ICD, GPS (2011) Global positioning systems directorate system engineering & integration interface specification IS-GPS-200F. Navstar GPS Space Segment Navigation User InterfacesGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ICD-BDS (2012) BeiDou navigation satellite system signal in space interface control document open service signal B1I (version 1.0)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stanton BJ, Parker Temple LIII, Edgar CE (2006) Analysis of signal availability in the GPS space service volume. In: Proceedings of the ION GNSS 2006Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hogg DC (1993) Fun with the Friis free-space transmission formula. Antennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEEGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jing S (2017) Study on GNSS performance evaluation and related auxiliary in the space service volume. Ph.D. thesis, Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Aeronautics and AstronauticsShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations