Khanna A, Goyal RS, Bhawsar R. Menstrual practices and reproductive problems: a study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan. J Health Manag. 2005;7(1):91–107.
Ersoy B, et al. Effects of different socioeconomic conditions on menarche in Turkish female students. Early Hum Dev. 2004;76(2):115–25.
Dongre AR, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS. The effect of community-based health education intervention on management of menstrual hygiene among rural Indian adolescent girls. World Health Popul. 2007;9(3):48–54.
Tang CS, Yeung DY, Lee AM. Psychosocial correlates of emotional responses to menarche among Chinese adolescent girls. J Adolesc Health. 2003;33(3):193–201.
Adhikari P, et al. Knowledge and practice regarding menstrual hygiene in rural adolescent girls of Nepal. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2007;5(3):382–6.
Ali TS, Rizvi SN. Menstrual knowledge and practices of female adolescents in urban Karachi, Pakistan. J Adolesc. 2010;33(4):531–41.
Bobhate P, Shrivastava S. A cross sectional study of knowledge and practices about reproductive health among female adolescents in an urban slum of Mumbai. J Fam Reprod Health. 2011;5(4):117–24.
Dasgupta A, Sarkar M. Menstrual hygiene: how hygienic is the adolescent girl? Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(2):77–80.
Goel MK, Kundan M. Psycho-social behaviour of urban Indian adolescent girls during menstruation. Australas Med J. 2011;4(1):49–52.
Shanbhag D, Shilpa R, D’Souza N, Josphine P, Singh J, Goud BR. Perceptions regarding menstruation and Practices during menstrual cycles among high school going adolescent girls in resource limited settings around Bangalore City, Karnataka, India. Int J Collab Res Inter Med Public Health. 2012;4(7):1353–62.
Tiwari H, Oza UN, Tiwari R. Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about menarche of adolescent girls in Anand district, Gujarat. East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12(3-4):428–33.
Thakre SB, Thakre SS, Reddy M, Rathi N, Pathak K, Ughade S. Menstrual hygiene: knowledge and practice among adolescent school girls of Saoner, Nagpur district. J Clin Diagn Res. 2011;5(5):1027–33.
Yasmin S, Mallik S, Manna N, Ahmed A, Paria B. Menstrual hygiene among adolescent school students: an indepth cross-sectional study in an urban community of West Bengal, India. Sudan J Public Health. 2013;8(2):60–4.
Oche MO, Umar AS, Gana GJ, Ango JT. Menstrual health: the unmet needs of adolescent girls’ in Sokoto, Nigeria. Sci Res Essays. 2012;7(3):410–8.
Ray S, Dasgupta A. Determinants of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls: a multivariate analysis. Natl J Commun Med. 2012;3(2):294–301.
Boosey R, Prestwich G, Deave T. Menstrual hygiene management amongst schoolgirls in the Rukungiri district of Uganda and the impact on their education: a cross-sectional study. Pan Afr Med J. 2014;19:253.
Nemade D, Anjenaya S, Gujar R. Impact of health education on knowledge and practices about menstruation among adolescent school girls of Kalamboli, Navi-Mumbai. Health Popul Perspect Issues. 2009;32(4):167–75.
Narayan K, Srinivasa D, Pelto P, Veerammal S. Puberty rituals, reproductive knowledge and health of adolescent schoolgirls in South India. Asia-Pac Popul J. 2001;16(2):225–38.
Arora A, Mittal A, Panthania D, Mehta C, Bunger R. Impact of health education on knowledge and practices about menstruation among adolescent school girls of rural part of district Ambala, Haryana. Ind J Comm Health. 2013;25(4):492–7.
Lawan UM, Yusuf NW, Musa AB. Menstruation and menstrual hygiene amongst adolescent school girls in Kano, Northwestern Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2010;14(3):201–7.
Zegeye DT, Megabiaw B, Mulu A. Age at menarche and the menstrual pattern of secondary school adolescents in northwest Ethiopia. BMC Womens Health. 2009;9:29.
Thakre SB, et al. Urban-rural differences in menstrual problems and practices of girl students in Nagpur, India. Indian Pediatr. 2012;49(9):733–6.
Udgiri R, Angadi MM, Patil S, Sorganvi V. Knowledge and practices regarding menstruation among adolescent girls in an urban slum, Bijapur. J Indian Med Assoc. 2010;108(8):514–6.
Marvan ML, Molina-Abolnik M. Mexican adolescents’ experience of menarche and attitudes toward menstruation: role of communication between mothers and daughters. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2012;25(6):358–63.
Sharma M, Gupta S. Menstrual pattern and abnormalities in the high school girls of Dharan: a cross sectional study in two boarding schools. Nepal Med Coll J. 2003;5(1):34–6.
Adinma ED, Adinma JI. Menstrual characteristics amongst south-eastern Nigerian adolescent school girls. West Afr J Med. 2009;28(2):110–3.
Reis N, Kilic D, Engin R, Karabulutlu O. Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescent girls from conservative and low-income families in Erzurum, Turkey. Health Popul Perspect Issues. 2011;3(6):370–7.
Bosch AM, Hutter I, van Ginneken JK. Perceptions of adolescents and their mothers on reproductive and sexual development in Matlab, Bangladesh. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2008;20(3):329–42.
Dhingra R, Kumar A, Kour M. Knowledge and practices related to menstruation among tribal (Gujjar) adolescent girls. Ethno-Medicine. 2009;3(1):43–8.
El-Gilany AH, Badawi K, El-Fedawy S. Menstrual hygiene among adolescent schoolgirls in Mansoura, Egypt. Reprod Health Matters. 2005;13(26):147–52.
Gumanga SK, Kwame-Aryee RA. Menstrual characteristics in some adolescent girls in Accra, Ghana. Ghana Med J. 2012;46(1):3–7.
Dambhare DG, Wagh SV, Dudhe JY. Age at menarche and menstrual cycle pattern among school adolescent girls in Central India. Glob J Health Sci. 2012;4(1):105–11.
Kotecha PV, et al. Reproductive health awareness among rural school going adolescents of Vadodara district. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2009;30(2):94–9.
Mudey A, Kesharwani N, Mudey GA, Goyal RC. A cross-sectional study on awareness regarding safe and hygienic practices amongst school going adolescent girls in rural area of Wardha District, India. Glob J Health Sci. 2010;2(2):225–31.
Ray S, et al. Knowledge and information on psychological, physiological and gynaecological problems among adolescent schoolgirls of eastern India. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2011;21(3):183–9.
Jarrah SS, Kamel AA. Attitudes and practices of school-aged girls towards menstruation. Int J Nurs Pract. 2012;18(3):308–15.
Lee LK, et al. Menstruation among adolescent girls in Malaysia: a crosssectional school survey. Singapore Med J. 2006;47(10):869–74.
Wong LP. Attitudes toward menstruation, menstrual-related symptoms, and premenstrual syndrome among adolescent girls: a rural school-based survey. Women Health. 2011;51(4):340–64.
Wong LP. Premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea: urban-rural and multiethnic differences in perception, impacts, and treatment seeking. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011;24(5):272–7.
Aniebue UU, Aniebue PN, Nwankwo TO. The impact of pre-menarcheal training on menstrual practices and hygiene of Nigerian school girls. Pan Afr Med J. 2009;2:9.
Iliyasu Z, et al. Sexual and reproductive health communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters in northern Nigeria. Health Care Women Int. 2012;33(2):138–52.
Ajah LO, et al. Adolescent reproductive health challenges among schoolgirls in southeast Nigeria: role of knowledge of menstrual pattern and contraceptive adherence. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2015;9:1219–24.
Chandraratne NK, Gunawardena NS. Premenstrual syndrome: the experience from a sample of Sri Lankan adolescents. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011;24(5):304–10.
Abd El-Hameed NA, Mohamed MS, Ahmed NH, Ahmed ER. Assessment of dysmenorrhea and menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent girls in some nursing schools at lL-Minia governorate, Egypt. J Am Sci. 2011;7(9):216–23.
Eswi A, Helal H, Elarousy W. Menstrual attitude and knowledge among Egyptian female adolescents. J Am Sci. 2012;8(6):555–65.
Omidvar S, Begum K. Factors influencing hygienic practices during menses among girls from south India: a cross sectional study. Int J Collab Res Intern Med Public Health. 2010;2(12):411–23.
Wong LP. Attitudes towards dysmenorrhoea, impact and treatment seeking among adolescent girls: a rural school-based survey. Aust J Rural Health. 2011;19(4):218–23.
Wong LP, Khoo EM. Menstrual-related attitudes and symptoms among multi-racial Asian adolescent females. Int J Behav Med. 2011;18(3):246–53.
Sommer M. Ideologies of sexuality, menstruation and risk: girls’ experiences of puberty and schooling in northern Tanzania. Cult Health Sex. 2009;11(4):383–98.
Crichton J, et al. Emotional and psychosocial aspects of menstrual poverty in resource-poor settings: a qualitative study of the experiences of adolescent girls in an informal settlement in Nairobi. Health Care Women Int. 2013;34(10):891–916.
Mason L, et al. ‘We keep it secret so no one should know’–a qualitative study to explore young schoolgirls attitudes and experiences with menstruation in rural western Kenya. PLoS One. 2013;8(11):e79132.
Munthali AC, Zulu EM. The timing and role of initiation rites in preparing young people for adolescence and responsible sexual and reproductive behaviour in Malawi. Afr J Reprod Health. 2007;11(3):150–67.
McMahon SA, et al. ‘The girl with her period is the one to hang her head’ Reflections on menstrual management among schoolgirls in rural Kenya. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2011;11:7.
Sommer M. An early window of opportunity for promoting girls’ health: Policy implications of the girl’s puberty book project in tanzania. Int Electron J Health Educ. 2011;14:77–92.
Dorgbetor G. Mainstreaming MHM in schools through the play-based approach: lessons learned from Ghana. Waterlines. 2015;34(1):41–50.
Marvan ML, Vacio A, Espinosa-Hernandez G. Menstrual-related changes expected by premenarcheal girls living in rural and urban areas of Mexico. Soc Sci Med. 2003;56(4):863–8.
Marvan ML, Vacio A, Espinosa-Hernandez G. A comparison of menstrual changes expected by pre-menarcheal adolescents and changes actually experienced by post-menarcheal adolescents in Mexico. J Sch Health. 2001;71(9):458–61.
Pitangui AC, et al. Menstruation disturbances: prevalence, characteristics, and effects on the activities of daily living among adolescent girls from Brazil. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2013;26(3):148–52.
Santina T, Wehbe N, Ziade F. Exploring dysmenorrhoea and menstrual experiences among Lebanese female adolescents. East Mediterr Health J. 2012;18(8):857–63.
Chaudhuri A, Singh A. How do school girls deal with dysmenorrhoea? J Indian Med Assoc. 2012;110(5):287–91.
Sommer M. Where the education system and women’s bodies collide: The social and health impact of girls’ experiences of menstruation and schooling in Tanzania. J Adolesc. 2010;33(4):521–9.
Patil MS, Angadi MM. Menstrual pattern among adolescent girls in rural area of Bijapur. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2013;6(1):17–20.
Rana B, Prajapati A, Sonaliya KN, Shah V, Patel M, Solanki A. An assessment of menstrual hygiene practices amongst adolescent females at Kheda district of Gujarat state, India. Healthline J. 2015;6(1):23–9.
Sharma P, et al. Problems related to menstruation amongst adolescent girls. Indian J Pediatr. 2008;75(2):125–9.
Juyal R, Kandpal SD, Semwal J. Social aspects of menstruation related practices in adolescent girls of district Dehradun. Indian J Community Health. 2013;25(3):213–6.
Haque SE, et al. The effect of a school-based educational intervention on menstrual health: an intervention study among adolescent girls in Bangladesh. BMJ Open. 2014;4(7):e004607.
Bodat S, Ghate MM, Majumdar JR. School absenteeism during menstruation among rural adolescent girls in Pune. Natl J Community Med. 2013;4(2):212–6.
Joshi D, Buit G, González-Botero D. Menstrual hygiene management: education and empowerment for girls? Waterlines. 2015;34(1):51–67.
Montgomery P, et al. Sanitary pad interventions for girls’ education in Ghana: a pilot study. PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e48274.
Oster E, Thornton R. Menstruation, sanitary products, and school attendance: evidence froma randomized evaluation. Am Econ J. 2011;3(1):91–100.
Mason L, Laserson K, Oruko K, et al. Adolescent schoolgirls’ experiences of menstrual cups and pads in rural western Kenya: a qualitative study. Waterlines. 2015;34(1):15–30.
Kabir H, et al. Treatment-seeking for selected reproductive health problems: behaviours of unmarried female adolescents in two low-performing areas of Bangladesh. Reprod Health. 2014;11:54.
Nair MK, et al. Menstrual disorders and menstrual hygiene practices in higher secondary school girls. Indian J Pediatr. 2012;79 Suppl 1:S74–8.
Baidya S, Debnath M, Das R. A study of reproductive health problems among rural adolescent girls of Mohanpur block of West Tripura district. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2014;7(1):78–82.
Wong LP, Khoo EM. Dysmenorrhea in a multiethnic population of adolescent Asian girls. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010;108(2):139–42.
Poureslami M. Assessing knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of adolescent girls in suburban districts of Tehran about dysmenorrhea and menstrual hygiene. J Int Womens Stud. 2002;3(2):51–61.
Eryilmaz G, Ozdemir F. Evaluation of menstrual pain management approaches by Northeastern Anatolian adolescents. Pain Manag Nurs. 2009;10(1):40–7.
Wasnik VR, Dhumale D, Jawarkar AK. A study of the menstrual pattern and problems among rural school going adolescent girls of Amravati district of Maharashtra, India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;33(55):1252–6.
Fakhri M, et al. Promoting menstrual health among persian adolescent girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds: a quasi-experimental study. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:193.
Allah ESA, Elsabagh EEM. Impact of health education intervention on knowledge and practice about menstruation among female secondary school students in Zagazig City. J Am Sci. 2011;7(9):737–47.
Sumpter C, Torondel B. A systematic review of the health and social effects of menstrual hygiene management. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e62004.
Nanda PMA, Mukherjee S, Barua A, Mehl GL, Venkatraman CM. A study to evaluate the effectiveness of WHO tools: orientation programme on adolescent health for health care providers and adolescent job aid in India. Geneva: International Center for Research on Women; 2012.
Vandenhoudt H, et al. Evaluation of a U.S. evidence-based parenting intervention in rural Western Kenya: from parents matter! To families matter! AIDS Educ Prev. 2010;22(4):328–43.
Sommer M, Ackatia-Armah N, Connolly S, Smiles D. A comparison of the menstruation and education experiences of girls in Tanzania, Ghana, Cambodia and Ethiopia. Compare. 2014;45(4):589–609.
Children, S.t. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health. 2015. Available from: http://www.savethechildren.org/site/c.8rKLIXMGIpI4E/b.9080949/k.F576/Adolescent_Sexual_and_Reproductive_Health.htm.
Health, I.f.R. Meeting the needs of adolescents: Introducing CycleSmart™. 2013. Available from: http://irh.org/blog/meeting-the-needs-of-adolescentsintroducing-the-cyclesmart-kit/.
Health, I.f.R. A3 project. Available from: http://irh.org/projects/a3_project/. Accessed 15 oct 2014.
Kettaneh APS, Todesco M. Good policy and practice booklet no. 9: puberty education and menstrual hygiene management. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; 2014.
Always. Tips & advice: “the talk”. Available from: http://always.com/en-us/tips-and-advice/the-talk. Accessed 15 oct 2014.
George R. Celebrating womanhood: how better menstrual hygiene management is the path to better health, dignity and business. Geneva: Water Supply & Sanitation Collaboration Council; 2013.
Sommer M. V. E., Worthington, N., Sahin M. WASH in schools empowers girls’ education: proceedings of the menstrual hygiene management in schools virtual conference 2012. in Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Virtual Conference. New York, NY: United Nations Children’s Fund and Columbia University; 2012.
Kanotra SK, Bangal VB, Bhavthankar DP. Menstrual pattern and problems among rural adolescent girls. International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research. 2013; 4(8):551–4.