Numerical Investigations on Water-Ethanol-Diesel Emulsified Fuel

  • Rabinder Singh BharjEmail author
  • Vishal Vasistha
  • Narinder Singh
  • Gurkamal Nain Singh
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


The depleting oil resources and harmful emissions from fossil fuel have raised keen attention whole world wide. Emulsified fuel technology might prolong availability of earthborn fossil fuel along with the reduction of the pollutants. It may also be seen as a useful technique to meet the latest stringent Bharat Stage VI norms in diesel engine. Emulsification requires mixing fossil fuel with water in the presence of a surfactant. Oxygenated fuels like alcohols may also be blended due to its renewability. Oxides of nitrogen tend to reduce owing to cooling effect of water content in the emulsified fuel. At the same time decrease in the amount of particulate matter in the tail pipe was observed because of reduced molecule size of emulsified fuel. The combustion and exhaust emissions characteristics have been elaborated numerically with the help of simulation software in this chapter. Acceptability of emulsified fuels has also been highlighted for its use in compression ignition engines.


Emulsification Simulation Ethanol 


  1. Anton N, Vandamme TF (2010) Nano-emulsions and micro-emulsions: clarifications of the critical differences. Springer Science Business Media, LLCGoogle Scholar
  2. Becher P (1965) Emulsions: theory and practice. Reinhold, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Bibette J, Leal-Calderon F, Poulin P (1999) Emulsions: basic principles. Rep Prog Phys 62(6)Google Scholar
  4. Burnete NV (2017) Separate direct injection of diesel and ethanol: a numerical analysis. Therm Sci 21(1B):451–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cook DH, Law CK (1978) Combust Sci Technol 18:217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dewulf J, Van Langenhove H (2006) Renewable-based technology: sustainability assessment. WileyGoogle Scholar
  7. Fernandez JMI (2015) Study of combustion using computational fluid dynamics software (ANSYS). Master’s thesis, University of BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  8. Gilbert R, Perl A (2008) Transport revolutions: moving people and freight without oil. EarthscanGoogle Scholar
  9. Govindan R, Jakhar OP, Mathur YB (2014) Computational analysis of Thumba biodiesel-diesel blends combustion in CI engine using Ansys-Fluent. Int J Comput Math Sci 3(8):29–39Google Scholar
  10. Heywood JB (1988) Internal combustion engine fundamentals. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Hussain SM, Kumar SP, Reddy VK (2012) CFD analysis of combustion and emissions to study the effect of compression ratio and biogas substitution in a diesel engine with experimental verification. Int J Eng Sci Technol 4(2):473–492Google Scholar
  12. Palaniswamy D, Ramesh G, Sivasankaran S, Sooryaprakash K (2016) CFD analysis for homogenous effect of biogas and air in the intake manifold of dual fuel CI engine. Int J Adv Eng Technol 7(2):265–268Google Scholar
  13. Sharath P, Ajith K (2016) Experimental and CFD analysis of combustion in diesel engine for various ethanol-diesel blends. Int J Sci Res 5(5):1800–1805Google Scholar
  14. Shirneshan A, Jamalvand H (2016) Numerical investigation of combustion of biomass, methane, and gasoil fuels and emissions from a furnace chamber. Energy Policy Res 3(1):19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Subramaniam VS, Vinayak SG, Prashanth K (2017) Performance optimization of a single cylinder 4-stroke diesel engine using biodiesel fuel. Int J Mech Prod Eng 5(4):5–8Google Scholar
  16. Varghese M, Karunanidhi G (2015) CFD analysis and experimental validation of ethanol diesel blend in CI engine. Int J Latest Res Eng Technol 1(1):10–14Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rabinder Singh Bharj
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vishal Vasistha
    • 1
  • Narinder Singh
    • 1
  • Gurkamal Nain Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDr. B. R. Ambedkar, National Institute of TechnologyJalandharIndia

Personalised recommendations