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A basic engineering approach is to find an optimal solution in the face of the complexity of the overall problem, that is, finding an approximation of the reality, or the optimality, in order to pose the problem neatly and then solve it. Social systems and societal impacts, however, are complex and non-linear. Interdisciplinary approaches are needed to evaluate impacts on gender equity, such as the impact of energy systems on women’s health, livelihoods, employment and other societal impacts.
Multiple pathways to address gender equity through energy have been identified. Evidence suggests that small-scale infrastructure projects, such as mini-grids, are more conducive than large-scale conventional energy projects to improving access to services by the poor, providing greater opportunities for participation by women and other marginalized groups.
KeywordsTechnology Engineering Gender and development Capabilities Solar energy Cook stoves Feminist Multiple pathways
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