Role of Technology in Governance and Development: The Case of e-Uparjan in Madhya Pradesh
- 298 Downloads
This study explored the interlinkages between the attributes of technology, governance and development. The e-Uparjan is a case of digital inclusion and synchronisation of activities of stakeholders like farmers, designate procurement agencies, technology providers, financial institutions and state administrative agencies. A single case study approach is adopted to understand the technology-enabled procurement system at the micro-level. Field observations expanded the scope of understanding of the context and potential implications of the procurement system to associated stakeholders. The study conjectures that faster and real-time information flow along with the decision nodes can plug in fund leakage, reduce transaction costs and mitigate rent-seeking behaviour of actors along the value chain. It is proposed that the improvisation with a low-cost information and communication technology (ICT) can have potential to streamline procurement operations and secure farmers’ pay-off in a time-bound manner through direct benefit transfer under the price support scheme. The e-Uparjan appears to have improved operational efficiency of collection, warehousing and optimising transportation network for food grains procurement and distribution. The e-Uparjan offers fresh insights on social policy making as network processes that requires an adequate understanding of social realities, seamless synchronisation of involved stakeholders and aspects of public procurement policies.
KeywordsTechnology Governance Development e-Uparjan
JEL CodeH19 H77 O33 Z18
- Anonymous. (1935). A scheme of broadcast development for India. Current Science, 3(9), 393–395.Google Scholar
- Chand, R. (2012). Development policies and agricultural markets. Economic and Political Weekly, 47(52), 53–63.Google Scholar
- Chand, R. (2017). Doubling farmers’ income-rationale, strategy, prospects, and action plan. NITI Policy Paper No 1, 2017, NITI Aayog, Government of India, New Delhi.Google Scholar
- DFCS&CP. (2015). e-Uparjan: Computerization of food grain procurement system in Madhya Pradesh. Accessed from http://www.mmp.cips.org.in/documents/Workshops/2015/19-21_Jan/20th/e-Uparjan-Computerization_of_Food_Grain_Procurement_System_in_Madhya_Pradesh.pdf, dated May 17, 2016.
- FCI (1964). The Food Corporations Act 1964. Accessed from http://fci.gov.in/pdf/The_Food_Corporation_Act.pdf, on April 09, 2018.
- Freeman, C., Clark, J., & Soete, L. (1982). Unemployment and technical innovation: a study of long waves and economic development. Burns & Oates.Google Scholar
- Freeman, C., Louçã, F., & Louçã, F. (2001). As time goes by: from the industrial revolutions to the information revolution. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Ganesh-Kumar, A., Gulati, A., & Cummings, R. J. (2007). Food grains policy and management in India: Responding to today’s challenges and opportunities. Mumbai and Washington DC: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research and IFPRI.Google Scholar
- GoI. (2013). Science, technology and innovation policy 2013. New Delhi: Ministry of Science and Technology.Google Scholar
- GoMP. (n.d.). e-Uparjan updates. Accessed form http://mpsc.mp.nic.in/csms/mpeuparjan/Home.aspx/#thumb. Dated August 4, 2016.
- Hudson, H. E. (2006). From rural village to global village: Telecommunications for development in the information age. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc, Publishers.Google Scholar
- Krishnamurthy, M. (2012a). All in the name of farmers. Business Line [Dated 2 January 2012]. Accessed from http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/all-in-the-name-of-the-farmer/article2769198.ece, dated September 5, 2016.
- Krishnamurthy, M. (2012b). The changing dynamics of public procurement in Madhya Pradesh: States of wheat. Economic and Political Weekly, 47(52), 72–83.Google Scholar
- Kumar, S. (2015). Report of the high-level committee on reorienting the role and restricting of Food Corporation of India. New Delhi: GoI.Google Scholar
- Massey, G. (2016). Ways of social change-making sense of modern times (p. 391). New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
- Mathur, J. C., & Neurath, P. (1959). An Indian Experiment in farm radio forums. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
- Mishra, S. N. (2014). Reflections on science in service of a symbiotic society. Current Science, 107(11), 1787–1789.Google Scholar
- Mishra, S. N. (2016). Policy implementation and dynamics of operational level institutions: Case studies of jatropha based biofuel policy in Chhattisgarh, India. [FPRM Thesis] Anand: Institute of Rural Management.Google Scholar
- Modi, N. (2015). PM’s address at special session of National Meet on Promoting Space Technology based Tools and Applications in Governance and Development. Accessed from www.narendramodi.in/pm-s-address-at-special-session-of-national-meet-on-promoting-space-technology-based-tools-and-applications-in-governance-and-development-291184, dated June 8, 2016.
- Modi, N. (2016). Question and Answer session at town hall meet on 06 August 2016. Accessed from http://www.narendramodi.in/excerpts-of-pm-s-interaction-at-the-town-hall-marking-two-years-of-mygov-511355, dated August 11, 2016.
- Navarra, D. D., & Cornford, T. (2005). ICT, innovation and public management: Governance, models and alternatives for egovernment infrastructures. In ECIS 2005 Proceedings. Accessed from http://workspace.unpan.org/sites/Internet/Documents/UNPAN93556.pdf on June 3, 2016.
- NIC. (n.d). National Informatics Center—Khandawa. Accessed from http://khandwa.nic.in/nic_files/NIC-khandwa.pdf on August 17, 2016.
- NITI Aayog. (2015). Social sector service delivery-good practices resource book. New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
- Pulakkat, H. (2015). How PM Narendra Modi wants science to fuel development. Accessed from http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/science/how-pm-narendra-modi-wants-science-to-fuel-development/articleshow/48892070.cms, dated June 8, 2016.
- Ramnath, M. S., & Assisi, C. (2018). The Aadhar effect-why the world’s largest identity project matters (p. 291). New Delhi: OUP.Google Scholar
- Sa, A. D. (2014). e-Uparjan: Using IT for streamlining the foodgrain procurement system in Madhya Pradesh. Accessed from http://www.cips.org.in/documents/2014/UPAAM_Workshop/Shri_Anthony_de_Sa.pdf, on May 18, 2016.
- Sekher, M., Parasuraman, S., Pritchard, B., Kumar, S. S., & Rai, R. K. (2017). Empowering people to power the public distribution system: A process mapping analysis of six India states. Economic and Political Weekly, 52(51), 97–107.Google Scholar
- Singh, S. (2012). New markets for smallholders in India: Exclusion, policy and mechanisms. Economic and Political Weekly, 47(52), 95–105.Google Scholar
- Singh, S., & Bhogal, S. (2015). Commission agent system. Economic and Political Weekly, 50(45), 57–62.Google Scholar
- Stewart, A. (2000). Social inclusion: An introduction. In P. Askonas & A. Stewart (Eds.), Social inclusion: Possibilities and tensions (pp. 1–16). Houndmills, England: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Swaminathan, M. S., & Kesavan, P. C. (2016). Achieving the sustainable development goals. Current Science, 110(2), 127–128.Google Scholar
- TIFAC. (2015). Technology vision 2035. New Delhi: Department of Science and Technology-Government of India.Google Scholar
- UNESCO. (1967). New educational media in action: Case studies for planners-I (pp. 104–134). Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
- Warschauer, M. (2003). Technology and social inclusion: Rethinking the digital divide. Massachusetts: The MIT Press.Google Scholar