Advertisement

An Integrated Management Policy Framework for Sustainable Community Development and Conservation of Marine Resources

  • Muhammad Mehedi MasudEmail author
Chapter
  • 156 Downloads

Abstract

Environmental degradation is a major obstacle to economic development, especially for coastal communities. Environmental degradation has an incremental adverse impact on the lives and livelihoods of marine park communities (MPCs), the development process of human societies, and the preservation of natural resources. Despite the obvious connection between ecological preservation and economic development, little effort has been devoted to ensure sustainable utilisation of coastal and marine resources. Marine protected areas (MPAs) suffer from poor socioeconomic conditions and environmental degradation; MPCs are most severely affected since they depend on marine and coastal resources. These are the main impediments to sustainable coastal community development. This chapter proposes an integrated management policy framework for the effective and sustainable management of MPAs, from the economic, social, and environmental perspectives. This policy framework will help policymakers to preserve, conserve, and protect marine resources as well as uplift the socioeconomic status of MPCs.

Keywords

Integrated management framework The prevention of natural resources Socioeconomic conditions Coastal Community Development 

References

  1. Agardy, T. (2003). An environmentalist’s perspective on responsible fisheries: The need for holistic approaches. In Responsible fisheries in the marine ecosystem (pp. 65–85). Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  2. Alban, F., Appéré, G., & Boncoeur, J. (2008). Economic analysis of marine protected areas a literature review. EMPAFISH Project, London.Google Scholar
  3. Bankston III, C. L., & Zhou, M. (2002). Social capital as process: The meanings and problems of a theoretical metaphor. Sociological Inquiry, 72(2), 285–317.Google Scholar
  4. Bayard, B., & Jolly, C. (2007). Environmental behavior structure and socio-economic conditions of hillside farmers: A multiple-group structural equation modeling approach. Ecological Economics, 62(3), 433–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Belfiore, S. (2003). The growth of integrated coastal management and the role of indicators in integrated coastal management: Introduction to the special issue. Ocean and Coastal Management, 46, 225–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bennett, N. J., & Dearden, P. (2014). Why local people do not support conservation: Community perceptions of marine protected area livelihood impacts, governance and management in Thailand. Marine Policy, 44, 107–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berkes, F. (2004). Rethinking community-based conservation. Conservation Biology, 18(3), 621–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brunie, A. (2009). Meaningful distinctions within a concept: Relational, collective, and generalized social capital. Social Science Research, 38(2), 251–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Burke, L., Reytar, K., Spalding, M., & A Perry. (2011). Reefs at risk revisited. In Defenders (Vol. 74). Washington, DC: World Research Institute.Google Scholar
  10. Cash, D. W., Adger, W. N., Berkes, F., Garden, P., Lebel, L., Olsson, P., … & Young, O. (2006). Scale and cross-scale dynamics: Governance and information in a multilevel world. Ecology and society, 11(2), 8. Google Scholar
  11. Chaigneau, T., & Daw, T. M. (2015). Individual and village-level effects on community support for marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Philippines. Marine Policy, 51, 499–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cicin-Sain, B., Knecht, R. W., Knecht, R., Jang, D., & Fisk, G. W. (1998). Integrated coastal and ocean management: Concepts and practices. Washington, DC: Island Press. Google Scholar
  13. Denman, R. (2001). Guidelines for community-based ecotourism development (p. 10). Gland, Switzerland: WWF International.Google Scholar
  14. Department of Marine Park, Malaysia. (2012). Retrived from http://www.dmpm.nre.gov.my/. Accessed 27 July 2014.
  15. Edgar, G. J., Stuart-Smith, R. D., Willis, T. J., Kininmonth, S., Baker, S. C., Banks, S., … & Buxton, C. D. (2014). Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature, 506(7487), 216.Google Scholar
  16. Govan, H., Schwarz, A. H., & Boso, D. (2011). Towards integrated island management: Lessons from Lau, Malaita, for the implementation of a national approach to resource management in Solomon Islands: Final report (p. 69). Penang, Malaysia: The WorldFish Center.Google Scholar
  17. Grafton, R. Q., Ha, P. V., & Kompas, T. (2004). Saving the seas: The economic justification for marine reserves. Economics and Environment Network Working Paper, Australian National University.Google Scholar
  18. Gray, D. L., Canessa, R. R., Rollins, R. B., Dearden, P., & Keller, C. P. (2010). Understanding recreational boater attitudes to zoning in a proposed marine protected area. Coastal Management, 38(6), 575–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Guidetti, P., Milazzo, M., Bussotti, S., Molinari, A., Murenu, M., Pais, A., … & Tunesi, L. (2008). Italian marine reserve effectiveness: Does enforcement matter? Biological Conservation, 141(3), 699–709.Google Scholar
  20. Halpern, B. S., Frazier, M., Potapenko, J., Casey, K. S., Koenig, K., Longo, C., … & Walbridge, S. (2015). Spatial and temporal changes in cumulative human impacts on the world’s ocean. Nature Communications, 6, 7615.Google Scholar
  21. Himes, A. H. (2007). Performance indicators in MPA management: Using questionnaires to analyze stakeholder preferences. Ocean and Coastal Management, 50, 329–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hind, E. J., Hiponia, M. C., & Gray, T. S. (2010). From community-based to centralized national management—A wrong turn for the governance of the marine protected area in Apo Island, Philippines? Marine Policy, 34, 54–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hiwasaki, L. (2006). Community-based tourism: A pathway to sustainability for Japan’s protected areas. Society and Natural Resources, 19, 675–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hockings, M. (2006). Evaluating Effectiveness: A framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas. IUCN.Google Scholar
  25. Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P. J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, R. S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., … & Knowlton, N. (2007). Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science, 318(5857), 1737–1742.Google Scholar
  26. Hughes, T. P., Graham, N. A. J., Jackson, J. B. C., Mumby, P. J., & Steneck., R. S. (2010). Rising to the challenge of sustaining coral reef resilience. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 25, 633–642.Google Scholar
  27. Imran, S., Alam, K., & Beaumont, N. (2014). Environmental orientations and environmental behaviour: Perceptions of protected area tourism stakeholders. Tourism Management, 40, 290–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). (2017). WWF, 1980: World conservation strategy. World Conservation Union, United Nations Environment Programme, World Wide Fund for Nature, Gland, pp. 202–216.Google Scholar
  29. Islam, G. M. N., Tai, S. Y., Kusairi, M. N., Ahmad, S., Aswani, F. M. N., Senan, M. K. A. M., & Ahmad, A. (2017). Community perspectives of governance for effective management of marine protected areas in Malaysia. Ocean & Coastal Management, 135, 34–42.Google Scholar
  30. Jacobson, S. K., Sieving, K. E., Jones, G. A., & Van Doorn, A. (2003). Assessment of farmer attitudes and behavioral intentions toward bird conservation on organic and conventional Florida farms. Conservation Biology, 17(2), 595–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jamal, T., Borges, M., & Stronza, A. (2006). The institutionalisation of ecotourism: Certification, cultural equity and praxis. Journal of Ecotourism, 5(3), 145–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jennings, G., Lee, Y. S., Ayling, A., Lunny, B., Cater, C., & Ollenburg, C. (2009). Quality tourism experiences: Reviews, reflections, research agendas. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 18(2–3), 294–310.Google Scholar
  33. Jumin, R., Binson, A., McGowan, J., Magupin, S., Beger, M., Brown, C. J., … & Klein, C. (2017). From Marxan to management: Ocean zoning with stakeholders for Tun Mustapha Park in Sabah, Malaysia. Oryx, 52(4), 1–12. Google Scholar
  34. Kamaruddin, H. (1998). Coastal zone management in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Law and Society, 2, 46–55.Google Scholar
  35. Kaur, C. R. (2006). National ecotourism plan: Assessing implementation of the guidelines for Marine Parks. Unpublished paper, Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA).Google Scholar
  36. Kelleher G. (1999). Guidelines for marine protected areas. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.Google Scholar
  37. Khanal, B. R., & Babar, J. T. (2007). Community based ecotourism for sustainable tourism development in the Mekong region. Policy Brief. Hanoi, Vietnam: Hanoi Resource Center.Google Scholar
  38. Kim, H., Borges, M. C., & Chon, J. (2006). Impacts of environmental values on tourism motivation: The case of FICA. Brazil. Tourism Management, 27(5), 957–967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kirkman, H. (2013). Choosing boundaries to marine protected areas and zoning the MPAs for restricted use and management. Ocean and Coastal Management, 81, 38–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lee, E. B. (2008). Environmental attitudes and information sources among African American college students. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(1), 29–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Leenhardt, P., Teneva, L., Kininmonth, S., Darling, E., Cooley, S., & Claudet, J. (2015). Challenges, insights and perspectives associated with using social-ecological science for marine conservation. Ocean and Coastal Management, 115, 49–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Levine, A. S., Richmond, L., & Lopez-Carr, D. (2015). Marine resource management: Culture, livelihoods, and governance. Applied Geography, 59, 56–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Liu, J., Qu, H., Huang, D., Chen, G., Yue, X., Zhao, X., & Liang, Z. (2014). The role of social capital in encouraging residents’ pro-environmental behaviors in community-based ecotourism. Tourism Management, 41, 190–201.Google Scholar
  44. Lockwood, M. (2010). Good governance for terrestrial protected areas: A framework, principles and performance outcomes. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(3), 754–766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Masud, M. M., & Kari, F. B. (2015). Community attitudes towards environmental conservation behaviour: An empirical investigation within MPAs, Malaysia. Marine Policy, 52, 138–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Masud, M. M., Kari, F. B., Yahaya, S. R. B., & Al-Amin, A. Q. (2016). Livelihood assets and vulnerability context of marine park community development in Malaysia. Social Indicators Research, 125(3), 771–792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Mbaiwa, J. E. (2004). The socio-economic benefits and challenges of a community-based safari hunting tourism in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Tourism Studies, 15(2), 37–50.Google Scholar
  48. McLeod, E., Salm, R., Green, A., & Almany, J. (2008). Designing marine protected area networks to address the impacts of climate change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7(7), 362–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Mokhtar, M. B., & Ghani Aziz, S. A. B. A. (2003). Integrated coastal zone management using the ecosystems approach, some perspectives in Malaysia. Ocean and Coastal Management, 46(5), 407–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mora, C., Myers, R. A., Coll, M., Libralato, S., Pitcher, T. J., Sumaila, R. U., … & Worm, B. (2009). Management effectiveness of the world’s marine fisheries. PLoS Biology, 7(6), e1000131.Google Scholar
  51. Nasuchon, N., & Charles, A. (2010). Community involvement in fisheries management: Experiences in the Gulf of Thailand countries. Marine Policy, 34(1), 163–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Njole, M. (2011). Tourism for sustainable local livelihoods and nature conservation: A case of Lake Manyara National Park. Wageningen University and Research Centre MSc MLE, Leisure, Tourism and Environment.Google Scholar
  53. Norlida Hanim, M. S., Redzuan, O., & Nurul Fahana Aini, H. (2010). The impact of marine park gazettement to local community sustainable livelihoods: A case study of Redang and Tioman Islands (No. 22680). University Library of Munich, Germany.Google Scholar
  54. Ostrom, E. (2009). A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science, 325, 419–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Pariatamby, A., & Periaiah, N. (2007). Waste management challenges in sustainable development of islands. Retrieved from https://www.iswa.org/fileadmin/galleries/General%20Assembly%20and%20WC%202010%2011%20Hamburg/Presentations/Pariatamby.pdf.
  56. Pelletier, D., Garcia-Charton, J. A., Ferraris, J., David, G., Thebaud, O., Letourneur, Y., … Galzin, R. (2005). Designing indicators for assessing the effects of marine protected areas on coral reef ecosystems: A multidisciplinary standpoint, Aquatic Living Resources, 18(1), 15–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Pomeroy, R. S., Mascia, M. B., & Pollnac, R. B. (2006, June 12–14). Marine protected areas: The social dimension (Background Paper 3). FAO Expert Workshop on Marine Protected Areas and Fisheries Management: Review of Issues and Considerations.Google Scholar
  58. Pomeroy, R. S., Parks, J. E., & Watson, L. M. (2004). How is your MPA doing? A guidebook of natural and social indicators for evaluating marine protected area management effectiveness. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.Google Scholar
  59. Roque, A. (2011). A social survey of demography and attitudes of residents regarding the marine protected area in Puerto Morelos. Mexico.Google Scholar
  60. Samah, B. A., Shaffril, H. A., D’Silva, J. L., & Uli, J. (2011). The negative environmental changes on the sea and its impact on the aspects of economic, social and health of the fishermen living in the East Coast Zone of Peninsular Malaysia. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 7(6), 534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Sanchirico, J. N., & Emerson, P. M. (2002). Marine protected areas: Economic and social implications (p. 24) (Discussion Paper: 02-26). Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.Google Scholar
  62. Sirivongs, K., & Tsuchiya, T. (2012). Relationship between local residents’ perceptions, attitudes and participation towards national protected areas: A case study of Phou Khao Khouay National Protected Area, central Lao PDR. Forest Policy and Economics, 21, 92–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Siry, H. Y. (2006). Decentralized coastal zone management in Malaysia and Indonesia: A comparative perspective. Coastal Management, 34(3), 267–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Sumaila, U. R., & Armstrong, C. W. (2006). Distributional and efficiency effects of marine protected areas: A study of the Northeast Atlantic cod fishery. Land Economics, 82(3), 321–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Teh, T. S. (Ed.). (2000). Islands in Malaysia: Issues and challenges. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya.Google Scholar
  66. The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF). (2009). History of CTI-CFF. http://www.coraltriangleinitiative.org. Accessed 5 Apr 2019.
  67. Weng, C. N. (2009). Ecotourism and environmental conservation in small islands in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Environmental Management, 10(2), 53–69.Google Scholar
  68. Worm, B., Barbier, E. B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J. E., Folke, C., Halpern, B. S., … & Sala, E. (2006). Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science, 314(5800), 787–790.Google Scholar
  69. Yacob, M. R., Radam, A., & Samdin, Z. (2011). Willingness to pay for domestic water service improvements in Selangor, Malaysia: A choice modeling approach. International Business and Management, 2(2), 30–39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and AdministrationUniversity of MalayaKuala-LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations