Advertisement

Collaborative Management: A New Proposition for Sustainable Development of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

  • Muhammad Mehedi MasudEmail author
Chapter
  • 178 Downloads

Abstract

It is essential for marine protected areas (MPAs) to employ an effective management system and utilise natural and marine resources in a sustainable way. The effective management of MPAs should integrate government initiatives and the involvement of local communities. MPAs currently face numerous challenges due to ineffective management of resources. The common practices of a centralisation approach and lack of community-based approaches are the key drivers of ineffective management of MPAs. In particular, these issues are not addressed comprehensively in Southeast Asia. Many countries are moving from centralised approaches to decentralised approaches, which reflect the growth of community-based management approaches as a preferred alternative. However, a fundamental question naturally arises: do marine park communities (MPCs) adequately manage natural and marine resources? The local community might encounter significant problems such as insufficient financial budget, lack of technical know-how, lack of capacity, skills, or training, lack of law enforcement, and absence of coordination or cooperation. As a result, this chapter discusses collaborative management systems, which could be a way forward for government officials and local communities to utilise and manage coastal resources in a sustainable manner.

Keywords

Community-based management Collaborative management and effective management 

References

  1. Acheson, J. M. (2006). Institutional failure in resource management. Annual Review of Anthropology, 35, 117–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agrawal, A., & Gibson, C. C. (1999). Enchantment and disenchantment: The role of community in natural resource conservation. World Development, 27(4), 629–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alcala, A. C. (1998). Community-based coastal resource management in the Philippines: A case study. Ocean and Coastal Management, 38, 179–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alcala, A. C., & Russ, G. R. (2006). No-take marine reserves and reef fisheries management in the Philippines: A new people power revolution. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 35(5), 245–255.Google Scholar
  5. Ban, N., Picard, C., & Vincent, A. (2008). Moving toward spatial solutions in marine conservation with indigenous communities. Ecology and Society, 13(1), 32. Google Scholar
  6. Beger, M., Harborne, A. R., Dacles, T. P., Solandt, J. L., & Ledesma, G. L. (2004). A framework of lessons learned from community-based marine reserves and its effectiveness in guiding a new coastal management initiative in the Philippines. Environmental Management, 34(6), 786–801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Borrini-Feyerabend, G. (1999). Collaborative management of protected areas. In S. Stolton & N. Dudley (Eds.), Partnerships for protection: New strategies for planning and management for protected areas (pp. 225–234). London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  8. Camargo, C., Maldonado, J. H., Alvarado, E., Moreno-Sánchez, R., Mendoza, S., Manrique, N., … Sanchez, J. A. (2009). Community involvement in management for maintaining coral reef resilience and biodiversity in southern Caribbean marine protected areas. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18, 935–956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chambers, R., & Conway, G. (1992). Sustainable rural livelihoods: Practical concepts for the 21st century. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies (UK). Google Scholar
  10. Christie, P. (2004). Marine protected areas as biological successes and social failures in Southeast Asia. American Fisheries Society Symposium, 42(42), 155–164.Google Scholar
  11. Christie, P., & White, A. T. (2007). Best practices for improved governance of coral reef marine protected areas. Coral Reefs, 26(4), 1047–1056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Christie, P., White, A. T., & Deguit, E. (2002). Starting point or solution? Community-based marine protected areas in the Philippines. Journal of Environmental Management, 66(4), 441–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Coad, L., Campbell, A., Miles, L., & Humphries, K. (2008). The costs and benefits of protected areas for local livelihoods: A review of the current literature. Cambridge, UK: UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.Google Scholar
  14. Day, J. C. (2002). Zoning—Lessons from the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Ocean and Coastal Management, 45(2–3), 139–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dietz, T., Dolšak, N., Ostrom, E., & Stern, P. C. (2002). The drama of the commons. In E. Ostrom, T. Dietz, N. Dolšak, P. C. Stern, S. Sonich, & E. U. Weber (Eds.), The drama of the commons (pp. 3–35). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  16. Edwards, V. M., & Steins, N. A. (1999). Special issue introduction: The importance of context in common pool resource research. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 1(3), 195–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gaymer, C. F., Stadel, A. V., Ban, N. C., Cárcamo, P. F., Ierna, J., Jr., & Lieberknecht, L. M. (2014). Merging top-down and bottom-up approaches in marine protected areas planning: Experiences from around the globe. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24(S2), 128–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gibson, C. C., & Marks, S. A. (1995). Transforming rural hunters into conservationists: An assessment of community-based wildlife management programs in Africa. World Development, 23(6), 941–957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Govan, H., Schwarz, A. H., & Boso, D. (2011). Towards integrated island management: Lessons from Lau, Malaita, for the implementation of a national approach to resource management in Solomon Islands: Final report, p. 69. Penang, Malaysia: The WorldFish Center.Google Scholar
  20. Helvey, M. (2004). Seeking consensus on designing marine protected areas: Keeping the fishing community engaged. Coastal Management, 32(2), 173–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hirschnitz‐Garbers, M., & Stoll‐Kleemann, S. (2011). Opportunities and barriers in the implementation of protected area management: A qualitative meta‐analysis of case studies from European protected areas. The Geographical Journal, 177(4), 321–334.Google Scholar
  22. Infield, M., & Namara, A. (2001). Community attitudes and behaviour towards conservation: An assessment of a community conservation programme around Lake Mburo National Park, Uganda. Oryx, 35(1), 48–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kaur, C. R. (2006). National Ecotourism Plan: Assessing implementation of the guidelines for marine parks. Unpublished paper, Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA).Google Scholar
  24. Kelleher, G. (1999). Guidelines for marine protected areas. Gland: IUCN.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kirkman, S. P., Yemane, D., Oosthuizen, W. H., Meÿer, M. A., Kotze, P. G. H., Skrypzeck, H., … & Underhill, L. G. (2013). Spatio‐temporal shifts of the dynamic Cape fur seal population in southern Africa, based on aerial censuses (1972–2009). Marine Mammal Science, 29(3), 497–524.Google Scholar
  26. Kothari, A., Suri, S., & Singh, N. (1995). People and protected areas: Rethinking conservation in India. The Ecologist, 25, 88–194. Google Scholar
  27. Kritzer, P. (2004). Corrosion in high-temperature and supercritical water and aqueous solutions: A review. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 29(1–2), 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lane, M. B., & Corbett, T. (2005). The tyranny of localism: Indigenous participation in community-based environmental management. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 7(2), 141–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lee, E. B. (2008). Environmental attitudes and information sources among African American college students. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(1), 29e42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Levine, A. S., Richmond, L., & Lopez-Carr, D. (2015). Marine resource management: Culture, livelihoods, and governance. Applied Geography, 59, 56–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mascia, M. B., Claus, C. A., & Naidoo, R. (2010). Impacts of marine protected areas on fishing communities. Conservation Biology, 24(5), 1424–1429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McCay, B. J. (2002). Emergence of institutions for the commons: Contexts, situations and events. In E. Ostrom, T. Dietz, N. Dolšak, P. C. Stern, S. Sonich, & E. U. Weber (Eds.), The drama of the commons (pp. 361–402). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  33. McCook, L. J., Ayling, T., Cappo, M., Choat, J. H., Evans, R. D., De Freitas, D. M., … & Marsh, H. (2010). Adaptive management of the Great Barrier Reef: A globally significant demonstration of the benefits of networks of marine reserves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(43), 18278–18285.Google Scholar
  34. McCrea-Strub, A., Zeller, D., Sumaila, U. R., Nelson, J., Balmford, A., & Pauly, D. (2011). Understanding the cost of establishing marine protected areas. Marine Policy, 35(1), 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mora, C., Andréfouët, S., Costello, M. J., Kranenburg, C., Rollo, A., Veron, J., … Myers, R. A. (2006). Coral reefs and the global network of marine protected areas. Science, 312, 1750–1751. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ostrom, E. (1998). A behavioural approach to the rational choice theory of collective action. American Political Science Review, 92(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ostrom, E. (1999). Coping with tragedies of the commons. Annual Review of Political Science, 2, 493–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ostrom, E. (2009). A polycentric approach for coping with climate change. The World Bank.Google Scholar
  40. Phillips, A. (2003). Turning ideas on their head: The new paradigm for protected areas. George Wright Forum, 20(2), 8–32.Google Scholar
  41. Pietrzyk-Kaszyńska, A., Cent, J., Grodzińska-Jurczak, M., & Szymańska, M. (2012). Factors influencing perception of protected areas—The case of Natura 2000 in Polish Carpathian communities. Journal for Nature Conservation, 20(5), 284–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pimbert, M., & Pretty, J. (1997): Parks, people and professionals: putting ‘participation’ into protected area management. In G. Krishna & M. Pimbert (Eds.), Social change and conservation (pp. 297–319). London: Earthscan. Google Scholar
  43. Rivera, R., & Newkirk, G. F. (1997). Power from the people: A documentation of non-governmental organizations’ experience in community-based coastal resource management in the Philippines. Ocean and coastal management, 36, 73–95.Google Scholar
  44. Russ, G. R., & Alcala, A. C. (1999). Management histories of Sumilon and Apo Marine Reserves, Philippines, and their influence on national marine resource policy. Coral Reefs, 18(4), 307–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Russ, G. R., Alcala, A. C., Maypa, A. P., Calumpong, H. P., & White, A. T. (2004). Marine reserve benefits local fisheries. Ecological Applications, 14(2), 597–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Samoilys, M. A., Martin-Smith, K. M., Giles, B. G., Cabrera, B., Anticamara, J. A., Brunio, E. O., et al. (2007). Effectiveness of five small Philippines’ coral reef reserves for fish populations depends on site-specific factors, particularly enforcement history. Biological Conservation, 136(4), 584–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sen, A. (1987/1991). Food and freedom. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. Google Scholar
  48. Siry, H. Y. (2006). Decentralized coastal zone management in Malaysia and Indonesia: A comparative perspective. Coastal Management, 34(3), 267–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Siry, H. Y. (2011). In search of appropriate approaches to coastal zone management in Indonesia. Ocean and Coastal Management, 54(6), 469–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Smith, J. L. (2008). A critical appreciation of the “bottom-up” approach to sustainable water management: Embracing complexity rather than desirability. Local Environment, 13(4), 353–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Sumaila, U. R. (2002). Marine protected area performance in a model of the fishery. Natural Resource Modeling, 15(4), 439–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Suman, D., Shivlani, M., & Milon, J. W. (1999). Perceptions and attitudes regarding marine reserves: A comparison of stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Ocean and Coastal Management, 42(12), 1019–1040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Thorburn, C. C. (2000). Changing customary marine resource management practice and institutions: The case of Sasi Lola in the Kei Islands, Indonesia. World Development, 28(8), 1461–1479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Tomićević, J., Shannon, M. A., & Milovanović, M. (2010). Socio-economic impacts on the attitudes towards conservation of natural resources: Case study from Serbia. Forest Policy and Economics, 12(3), 157–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Walley, C. J. (2010). Rough waters: Nature and development in an East African marine park. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar
  56. Weible, C. M. (2008). Caught in a maelstrom: Implementing California marine protected areas. Coastal Management, 36(4), 350–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. White, A. T., Courtney, C. A., & Salamanca, A. (2002). Experience with marine protected area planning and management in the Philippines. Coastal Management, 30(1), 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wilhelm, T. A., Sheppard, C. R., Sheppard, A. L., Gaymer, C. F., Parks, J., Wagner, D., et al. (2014). Large marine protected areas—Advantages and challenges of going big. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24(S2), 24–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and AdministrationUniversity of MalayaKuala-LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations