Collaborative Management: A New Proposition for Sustainable Development of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

  • Muhammad Mehedi MasudEmail author


It is essential for marine protected areas (MPAs) to employ an effective management system and utilise natural and marine resources in a sustainable way. The effective management of MPAs should integrate government initiatives and the involvement of local communities. MPAs currently face numerous challenges due to ineffective management of resources. The common practices of a centralisation approach and lack of community-based approaches are the key drivers of ineffective management of MPAs. In particular, these issues are not addressed comprehensively in Southeast Asia. Many countries are moving from centralised approaches to decentralised approaches, which reflect the growth of community-based management approaches as a preferred alternative. However, a fundamental question naturally arises: do marine park communities (MPCs) adequately manage natural and marine resources? The local community might encounter significant problems such as insufficient financial budget, lack of technical know-how, lack of capacity, skills, or training, lack of law enforcement, and absence of coordination or cooperation. As a result, this chapter discusses collaborative management systems, which could be a way forward for government officials and local communities to utilise and manage coastal resources in a sustainable manner.


Community-based management Collaborative management and effective management 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and AdministrationUniversity of MalayaKuala-LumpurMalaysia

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