- 148 Downloads
Environmental degradation has adverse consequences for life, livelihoods, the development of human society, and the conservation of natural resources, particularly for marine protected areas (MPAs). Due to the inefficient management of MPAs, the marine ecosystem is strongly affected by the substantial reduction in fish biomass, which leads to loss of biodiversity and extinction of species. In particular, these areas act as safeguard zones for fish stocks. This has enormous positive economic, sociocultural, and environmental impacts on livelihoods, food security, income generation, and poverty alleviation for coastal communities. MPAs are considered the cornerstone of a blue economy as they contribute significantly to the sustainable development of coastal communities as well as to the national economy as a whole. This chapter presents the synopsis of this book to provide a clear picture to readers.