Understanding the Cost of Migration: Facilitating Migration from India to Singapore and the Middle East

  • Michiel BaasEmail author


Research on low-skilled migrants in Asia has emphasized the cost of migration and the loans with exploitative repayment schemes migrants take out to finance their trajectories. However, the amounts paid to migrate abroad tend to vary considerably. This article pays heed to the call to pry open this black box by focusing on migration brokerage between India and Singapore. It does so specifically by examining the way those active in the Indian migration industry fix their rates for the services they render. Drawing on extensive case material collected in the greater Chennai region of Tamil Nadu (India), this chapter shows that there are multiple economic and social factors that contribute to the cost of migration.


Labour Migration Brokerage Debt Migration India–Singapore 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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