Fundamentals of Radar Systems

Part of the Signals and Communication Technology book series (SCT)


Radar is a device that employs electromagnetic waves to determine the existence and location of objects by relying on the strength of received reflected waves. The term radar is an acronym for radio detection and ranging. Depending on the frequency range, the radar sensor is applied in many fields including automotive applications. In this chapter, we present an overview of the principles behind radar operation. Some of the challenges faced by radar designers are given at the end of the chapter.


  1. 1.
    Skolnik, M.I.: Radar Handbook, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Skolnik, M.I.: Introduction to Radar Systems, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York (1981)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mahafza, B.R.: Radar Systems Analysis and Design Using MATLAB, 2nd edn. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen, C.C.: Attenuation of Electromagnetic Radiation by Haze, Fog, Clouds, and Rain. The Rand Corporation (1975)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bartsch, A., Fitzek, F., Rasshofer, R.H.: Pedestrian recognition using automotive radar sensors. Adv. Radio Sci. 10, 45–55 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Heuel, S., Rohling, H.: Pedestrian classification in automotive radar systems.. In: 13th International Radar Symposium, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 39–44 (May 2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Schubert, E., Meinl, F., Kunert, M., Menzel, W.: Clustering of high resolution automotive radar detections and subsequent feature extraction for classification of road users. In: 16th International Radar Symposium (IRS), Dresden, Germany, pp. 174–179 (June 2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grimm, C., Farhoud, R., Fei, T., Warsitz, E., Umbach, R.H.: Detection of moving targets in automotive radar with distorted ego-velocity information. In: IEEE Microwaves, Radar and Remote Sensing Symposium (MRRS), Kiev, Ukraine, pp. 111–116 (Oct 2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Van Trees, H.: Optimum Array Processing Part. IV, Wiley Interscience (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kraus, J.D., Marhefka, R.J.: Antennas, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill Education, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rabinovich, V., Alexandrov, N.: Antenna Arrays and Automotive Applications. Springer, NY (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hansen, R.C.: Phased Array Antennas, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    SAE: Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to On-Road Motor Vehicle Automated Driving Systems. SAE (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    VDA: From Driver Assistance Systems to Automated Driving. VDA Magazine—Automation (Sept 2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schneider, M.: Automotive Radar—Status and Trends. In: Proceedings of the German Microwave Conference (GeMIC) (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations