Cross-Dehydrogenative Coupling in the Synthesis and Functionalization of Fused Imidazoheterocycles



Imidazoheterocycles, containing a fused imidazole ring, are recognized as privileged scaffolds due to their wide range of applications in the field of biological activities, pharmaceuticals, optoelectronics, material science, etc. As a consequence, the development of synthetic strategies for the construction of functionalized imidazoheterocycles is an important activity of the synthetic chemists over the last few decades. Cross-dehydrogenative coupling (CDC) has been emerged as an important synthetic strategy for the direct synthesis of bioactive molecules and is carried out employing different catalytic systems like transition-metal catalysis (Pd, Cu, Ag, etc.), iodine catalysis, organophotocatalysis, etc. This chapter will offer an overview of the synthesis and functionalization of various biologically relevant imidazoheterocycle derivatives like imidazopyridine, imidazothiazole, imidazopyrimidine, etc. via cross-dehydrogenative coupling reactions. The importance of this strategy over traditional pathway has been also emphasized in this chapter.


Cross-dehydrogenative coupling Imidazoheterocycle C–C bond C–heteroatom bond 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of KalyaniKalyaniIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryVisva-Bharati (a Central University)SantiniketanIndia

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