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Gravity Wave Characteristics in the Winter Antarctic Mesosphere by a Long-Term Numerical Simulation Using a Non-hydrostatic General Circulation Model

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Abstract

In this chapter, a long-term simulation using the high-top non-hydrostatic general circulation model is carried out to examine mesospheric gravity waves observed by the PANSY radar in five months from April to August 2016. Successive runs lasting 7 days are made from the MERRA reanalysis data with an overlap of two days between each run. The data for analyses are prepared by extracting the last five days of each simulation. The simulated wind fields are closely compared to the PANSY radar observations and the MERRA reanalysis data. Moreover, statistical characteristics of the mesospheric disturbances simulated by NICAM such as ω spectra of each variable, kinetic and potential energies, momentum and energy fluxes of gravity waves are examined.

Keywords

Gravity wave Mesosphere Dynamics 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research InstituteThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan

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