Spatial Distribution of Strength—Comparison Between Indian and Japanese Embankments

  • S. NishimuraEmail author
  • K. Imaide
  • T. Ueta
  • T. Hayashi
  • K. Inoue
  • T. Shibata
  • B. Chaudhary
Part of the Developments in Geotechnical Engineering book series (DGE)


The spatial distribution of N value inside the earth-fill dams and river dikes are identified by the sounding tests, and compared between in Japan and in India. In this research, the Swedish Weight Sounding (SWS) and the dynamic cone penetration (DCP) tests are employed as the test methods, and the spatial correlation structure of the ground can be identified with very short interval tests. Consequently, high resolution of the spatial distribution of N value could be visualized based on the survey results. Simultaneously, the difference between Japanese and Indian embankments of the river dikes and earth-fill dams has been clarified.


N value Swedish weight sounding Dynamic cone penetration Spatial correlation 



This work was totally supported by JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Grant Number 16H02763). The authors thank to Professor Subashisa Dutta, Prof. Arup K Sarma, and Professor Arindam Dey, IIT Guwahati for their kind cooperation in site investigations.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Nishimura
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Imaide
    • 1
  • T. Ueta
    • 1
  • T. Hayashi
    • 2
  • K. Inoue
    • 3
  • T. Shibata
    • 1
  • B. Chaudhary
    • 4
  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental and Life ScienceOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Center for South East Asian Studies, Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Rural Engineering, NAROTsukubaJapan
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK)SurathkalIndia

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