Shear Strength Behaviour of Gravel–Tire Chips Mixture

  • S. M. K. PashaEmail author
  • H. Hazarika
  • N. Yoshimoto
Part of the Developments in Geotechnical Engineering book series (DGE)


In this study, a series of experimental programs were conducted to examine physical properties and mechanical behaviour of Gravel–Tire Chips Mixture (GTCM). The effect of gravel fraction in the mixture, confining pressure and relative density on drained shear strength and dilatancy behaviour of GTCM have also been investigated. In addition, a series of vibratory tests have been performed on GTCM with different gravel fractions according to JGS-0162. An empirical correlation has been proposed to estimate the maximum and minimum void ratio of gravel–tire chips mixture. Outcomes revealed that gravel fraction in GTCM along with confining pressure are the main parameters controlling skeleton as well as compaction behaviour of GTCM. For GTCM specimens with GF < 55%, the tangent modulus is minimally affected by the level of axial strain and gravel fraction in mixture. Furthermore, the effect of relative density on dilatancy behaviour and enhancing the shear strength of GTCM reduces with decreasing gravel fraction in mixture.


Gravel–tire chips mixture CD triaxial tests Dilatancy Shear strength 



The authors would like to express their sincere gratitude to the Bridgestone Corporation, Tokyo, Japan for their partial financial support. We would like to express our deep gratitude to Prof. Yukio Nakata of the geotechnical engineering laboratory of Yamaguchi University for his support. A special thanks go to Mr. Kanta Matsui of the geotechnical engineering laboratory of Yamaguchi University for his help and support while conducting experiments.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringYamaguchi UniversityUbe-shi, YamaguchiJapan

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