Public Sphere in the Digital Age

  • Pauline Pooi Yin Leong


This chapter will examine the development of political communication in Malaysia’s online public sphere, from the use of e-mail and Usenet groups to blogs and websites and, now, social media. It will also investigate the rise in cyberwarfare and propaganda in the Malaysian online public sphere to influence public opinion among Internet users. This chapter will also track the increase in online abuse – from fake accounts to the use of “bots” as well as abusive or hate speech. Even though the MSC Bill of Guarantees (BoGs) states that there should not be any Internet censorship, the previous BN government had tightened regulations and increased enforcement. The issue of self-regulation in the media fraternity will also be discussed.


Public Sphere Public Opinion Cyberwarfare Propaganda Mediated Politics Internet Regulation Media Council 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pauline Pooi Yin Leong
    • 1
  1. 1.Sunway UniversityPetaling JayaMalaysia

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