How School Leaders Attract, Recruit, Develop and Retain the Early Career Teachers They Want
- 463 Downloads
Attracting and retaining high-quality teachers to the profession is of international concern as it has far-reaching economic and social implications for all nations. In Australia, discussion of teacher workforce development has focused predominantly on attracting and recruiting quality teachers, with less attention given to the broader retention process. In this chapter, we discuss how school leaders influence new teachers and foster their professional commitment. Furthermore, we identify the micropolitical activities that school leaders consciously use to promote the engagement and retention of the early career teachers they want to keep. We also present data and analyses which reveal the dilemmas and paradoxes that school leaders encounter when they attempt to reconcile the competing demands of different stakeholders in the staffing process. We juxtapose the mostly benevolent actions of leaders with their often-unintended consequences to establish the need for ongoing critical reflection about the impact of taken-for-granted human resources processes on early career teachers.
This chapter is an outcome of the Retaining Quality Teachers Study funded by the Australian Research Council (LP130100830). Principals Australia Institute contributed funds and in-kind support to this project. The views expressed in this chapter do not necessarily reflect Principals Australia Institute’s policies.
We would like to acknowledge the contribution made to this paper by Dr. Peter Arnold, our Research Associate on the project, through his consistent coding and management of the transcribed interview data.
- Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership: A response to critiques. In M. M. Chemers & R. Ayman (Eds.), Leadership theory and research: Perspectives and directions (pp. 49–80). San Diego: Academic.Google Scholar
- Blase, J. (Ed.). (1991). The politics of life in schools: Power, conflict and cooperation. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
- Bosma, B. (1972). Racial discrimination against teachers. Integrated Education, 10(1), 59–62.Google Scholar
- Commonwealth of Australia. (2012). Schools workforce: Productivity Commission research report. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.Google Scholar
- Ferfolja, T., & Stavrou, E. (2017). Workplace experiences of Australian lesbian and gay teachers: Findings from a national survey. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, 173, 113–138.Google Scholar
- Government of Australia. (2014). National teaching workforce dataset: Project report. Canberra: Government of Australia.Google Scholar
- Johnson, B., Down, B., Le Cornu, R., Peters, J., Sullivan, A., Pearce, J., & Hunter, J. (2016). Promoting early career teacher resilience: A socio-cultural and critical guide to action. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Mason, S., & Poyatos Matas, C. (2015). Teacher attrition and retention research in Australia: Towards a new theoretical framework. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(11), 45–66.Google Scholar
- Quader, K., & Jin, S. (2011). Managing selection and retention of employees: A case study on Länsförsäkringar Bergslagen. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A437908&dswid=-6022. Accessed 7 Aug 2018.
- Rousseau, D. (1995). Psychological contracts in organisations: Understanding written and unwritten agreements. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Schleicher, A. (Ed.). (2012). Preparing teachers and developing school leaders for the 21st century: Lessons from around the world. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264xxxxxx-en. Accessed 27 July 2018.
- Schmidt, C., & Block, L. A. (2017). Without and within: The implications of employment and ethnocultural equity policies for internationally educated teachers. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, 100. https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cjeap/article/view/42785. Accessed 16 Aug 2018.
- Simons, M., Daly, T., & Johnson, B. (2012). Evaluation of DECD teacher attraction and retention programs. Adelaide: Department for Education and Child Development.Google Scholar
- Smith, J. (2004). Male primary teachers: Disadvantaged of advantaged? Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in education annual conference, Melbourne, 28 Nov – 2 Dec.Google Scholar
- Storey, J. (1995). Human resource management: A critical text. London: TJ Press.Google Scholar
- Victorian Government. (2018). How to dress for a job interview.. http://www.youthcentral.vic.gov.au/jobs-and-careers/job-interviews/attending-interviews/how-to-dress-for-a-job-intervew. Accessed 31 July 2018.Google Scholar
- Weldon, P. (2015). The teacher workforce in Australia: Supply, demand and data issues. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
- Willett, M., Segal, D., & Walford, W. (2014). National teaching workforce dataset data analysis report 2014. Canberra: Department of Education. http://docs.education.gov.au/node/36283. Accessed 7 July 2018.Google Scholar