Selection of Coating and Nitriding Process for AISI 4140 Steel Material to Enhance Tribological Properties

  • Pathan FirojkhanEmail author
  • Nikhil Kadam
  • S. G. Dambhare
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 949)


The Multi Criteria Decision method is used for selection of coating and nitriding process is VIKOR (VIšekriterijumsko Rangiranje) method. Analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and entropy methods are used to find out weightages for the material criteria like Young’s modulus (E), hardness (H), H/E, and H3/E2. The VIKOR is applied to the five alternatives, namely AISI 4140 alloy steel, nitrided AISI 4140 alloy steel, nitrided and TiN-coated AISI 4140 alloy steel, nitrided and TiAlN-coated AISI 4140 alloy steel, and nitrided and WCC-coated AISI 4140 alloy steel. The experiment is performed on the universal testing machine and hardness testing machine which is then used for analysis. Nitrided and WCC-coated AISI 4140 alloy steel is predicted to be the best suitable material for the bearing materials.


AHP Entropy method VIKOR method results 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pathan Firojkhan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nikhil Kadam
    • 2
  • S. G. Dambhare
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MechanicalDr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Engineering, Management, and ResearchPuneIndia
  2. 2.Bits Pilani K K Birla Goa CampusGoaIndia

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