Instruments for Enucleation and Evisceration

  • Manpreet Singh
  • Prerana Tahiliani
  • Varshitha Hemanth
Part of the Current Practices in Ophthalmology book series (CUPROP)


Enucleation involves removal of the entire globe, with preservation of all other periorbital and orbital structures. Evisceration involves removal of the ocular contents from an intact sclera, and exenteration refers to removal of the entire orbital contents, including the globe and soft tissues.

Suggested Reading

  1. 1.
    Dave TV, Tiple S, Vempati S, Palo M, Ali MJ, Kaliki S, Naik MN. Low-cost three-dimensional printed orbital template-assisted patient-specific implants for the correction of spherical orbital implant migration. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018;66(11):1600–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mourits DL, Hartong DT, Bosscha MI, Kloos RJ, Moll AC. Worldwide enucleation techniques and materials for treatment of retinoblastoma: an international survey. PLoS One. 2015;10(3):e0121292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tyers AG. Evisceration, enucleation and exenteration. In: Medel R, Vásquez LM, editors. Orbital surgery. ESASO course series, vol. 5. Basel: Karger; 2014. p. 73–91.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manpreet Singh
    • 1
  • Prerana Tahiliani
    • 2
  • Varshitha Hemanth
    • 3
  1. 1.Oculoplastics Services, Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Oculoplastics and Ocular Oncology, Mumbai Eye Plastic SurgeryMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Clinical Fellow in Ophthalmic Plastic SurgeryOcular Oncology and Socket Sciences, L V Prasad Eye Institute (LVPEI)HyderabadIndia

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