Instrument Sterilization and Care

  • Manpreet Singh
  • Jagjit Malhotra
Part of the Current Practices in Ophthalmology book series (CUPROP)


The operation theatre equipment, machines, trolleys, and surgical instruments demand extra care as compared to other areas. The cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization of these items depend upon their role in the operation or surgery. Of these, the most frequently circulated and used items are the surgical instruments. Hence, proper cleaning, debridement, packing, and sterilization are of utmost importance before the use, repeat use, or storage of the instruments.

Suggested Reading

  1. 1.
    Burkhart NW, Crawford J. Critical steps in instrument cleaning: removing debris after sonication. J Am Dent Assoc. 1997;128(4):456–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Perakaki K, Mellor AC, Qualtrough AJ. Comparison of an ultrasonic cleaner and a washer disinfector in the cleaning of endodontic files. J Hosp Infect. 2007;67(4):355–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Seavey R. High-level disinfection, sterilization, and antisepsis: current issues in reprocessing medical and surgical instruments. Am J Infect Control. 2013;41(5 Suppl):S111–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Spruce L. Back to basics: instrument cleaning. AORN J. 2017;105(3):292–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manpreet Singh
    • 1
  • Jagjit Malhotra
    • 2
  1. 1.Oculoplastics Services, Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Deputy Nursing Superintendent, Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

Personalised recommendations