Overview: Role of Drug Transporters in Drug Disposition and Its Clinical Significance
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Absorption, distribution, and excretion of drugs are involved in drug transport across plasma membrane, most of which are mediated by drug transporters. These drug transporters are generally divided into solute carrier (SLC) family and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) family. These transporters not only mediate transport of therapeutic drugs across membrane but also transport various kinds of endogenous compounds. Thus besides being participated in disposal of drug and its clinical efficacy/toxicity, these transporters also play vital roles in maintaining cell homeostasis via regulating transport of endogenous compounds. This chapter will outline classification of drug transporters, their roles in drug disposal/drug response, and remote communication between tissues/organs.
KeywordsRemote communication Drug transporter-metabolism interplay ATP-binding cassette family transporters Solute carriers
The project was in part supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81872930; 81573490) and “Double First-Class” University project (No. CPU2018GY22).
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