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Review Paper on Partial Replacement of Cement and Aggregates with Various industrial Waste Material and Its Effect on Concrete Properties

  • Saini Babita
  • Upadhyay SaurabhEmail author
  • Gupta K. Abhishek
  • Yadav Manoj
  • Sumit
  • Bindal Pranjal
  • Meena K. Ravi
  • Kumar Pankaj
Conference paper
  • 287 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 32)

Abstract

This study is conducted to evaluate the performance of various type of industrial waste by-products that can be used as an admixture in concrete as a replacement of cement or aggregate as the demand of cement is increasing in the market. Increased demand leads to increased production of cement at large scale which leads to environmental issues and reduction in the number of natural resources on one hand and increase in the cost on the other hand. To deal with these, alternate materials were tested experimentally for use in preparing concrete. Properties of a number of materials such as steel fibre, asphalt, slag, asbestos, lead, dry sludge, wet sludge, fly ash, bagasse ash, red mud, plastic, glass, etc., were studied to find an alternative for replacement of cement. A detailed study of compressive strength, flexural strength and slump value were made by various researchers for 7 days and 28 days respectively. This work compiles the study of a number of waste materials which makes it easy to compare the properties of these waste materials and find out which waste material is more suitable as an alternative for better performance and for environmental suitability as well.

Keywords

Partial replacement Cement Aggregates Industrial waste Compressive strength Flexure strength Slump 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saini Babita
    • 1
  • Upadhyay Saurabh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gupta K. Abhishek
    • 1
  • Yadav Manoj
    • 1
  • Sumit
    • 1
  • Bindal Pranjal
    • 1
  • Meena K. Ravi
    • 1
  • Kumar Pankaj
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of Technology, KurukshetraKurukshetraIndia

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