Abiotic Stress and Wheat Grain Quality: A Comprehensive Review



Wheat is a major cereal crop and is grown in a wide range of agroecologies across the world. Abiotic stresses such as heat stress (HS), drought, waterlogging (WL), salinity, ultraviolet radiation B (UVR-B), ozone (O3), mineral deficiency (MD), and heavy metal toxicity (HMT) are the major constraints to wheat cultivation in its present form or in the future amplified version under changing global climate. These stresses alone or in combined form can pose a serious intimidation on the grain quality and crop production. Maintaining wheat grain quality (WGQ) under stressful conditions is decisive for end-use functional properties. This review is presented with investigations and the existing understanding of the impact of these stresses on WGQ parameters such as starch granule (SG) size and composition, protein content (PC), glutenin (Gt)/gliadin (Gl) ratio, insoluble protein polymers, and free amino acid (AA) content. In the end, the efficacy of crop models (CM) for prediction of adverse impact of these stresses on WGQ is discussed in brief. Altogether, this review could facilitate in escalating our predictive capability to design better adaptation strategies according to climate changes.


Abiotic stress Drought stress Heat stress Ozone stress Protein Salinity Starch Waterlogging Wheat grain quality 





amino acid


glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase










crop model


dietary fiber






granule-bound starch synthase


glucan chain


grain filling




grain protein content




heavy metal toxicity


glutenin subunit


high molecular weight


heat stress




lipid content


low molecular weight


mineral deficiency






molecular weight








phosphoric acid


protein content


rough endoplasmic reticulum


reactive oxygen species


starch-branching enzyme


starch content




starch granule


starch synthase




soluble starch synthase




total soluble sugar


ultraviolet radiation B


wheat grain composition






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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat & Barley ResearchKarnalIndia
  2. 2.Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and SciencesAllahabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia

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