Fluoride Attenuation from Contaminated Water by Hydrophytes

  • Sukalpa Karmakar
  • Joydeep Mukherjee
  • Somnath Mukherjee


Phytoremediation is a sustainable and cost effective green technology in which plants are used as a biological tool for removal of different pollutants from contaminated water. In the present study three hydrophytes e.g. Pistia stratiotes, Eichhornia crassipes, Spirodela polyrhiza were used to remove fluoride from synthetic fluoride solution. The objective of this investigation was to explore the fluoride removal efficiency of three aquatic plants. The experimental result showed that 20 gm biomass of three hydrophytes could remove fluoride efficiently corresponding to initial concentration of fluoride 5, 15, 25 mg/l after 10 days exposure time. The fluoride removal efficiency of Pistia stratiotes, Eichhornia crassipes and Spirodela polyrhiza were found to be 27.86%, 32.53% and 19.20% respectively at 25 mg/L fluoride concentration. Some of the physiological parameters such as total chlorophyll, carotenoid and total protein were also studied to observed relative damage of plant tissue due to fluoride stress. A marginal stress was noticed among all the plants for lower concentration values (5 mg/L), whereas at 25 mg/l fluoride concentration, maximum damage was observed.


Phytoremediation Fluoride Hydrophytes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sukalpa Karmakar
    • 1
  • Joydeep Mukherjee
    • 1
  • Somnath Mukherjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering Division, Civil Engineering DepartmentJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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