Locality, Leadership and Pedagogies for Entrepreneurship Education

  • M. Evren TokEmail author
  • Cristina D’Alessandro
Part of the Educational Leadership Theory book series (ELT)


Embeddedness and local cultures and contexts are key in the development of entrepreneurship. Embeddedness is cultural, territorial and networked. All these aspects have to appropriately translate into entrepreneurship education, training and curricula. Entrepreneurs must be able to understand and translate values and culture, as well as the knowledge of their territories, into their work and practices. After a literature review, this chapter showcases these principles through the example of Islam as a cultural foundation for Arab countries and societies. Leadership and policies may have a great role in encouraging these processes and designing appropriate policies and regulations sustaining entrepreneurship education in line with national needs and aspirations. The example of Qatar is presented in the chapter as a useful one to this extent. The Qatar National Vision 2030 indicated the path to follow with the need to diversify the economy through entrepreneurship development in the country. In a global world, entrepreneurs must be both embedded in local/national realities, capable to respond to social needs, but also able to integrate global markets and value chains and compete with other entrepreneurs. This is a challenge for which embedded values and moral behaviours may be useful in the end.



This publication was made possible in part by NPRP grant #10-1203-160007 from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of Qatar Foundation).


  1. Bråten, E. (2013). Social sciences in Asia. Boston: Koninklijke Brill.Google Scholar
  2. Bryant, P. (2009). Self-regulation and awareness among entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(5), 505–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chapra, M. U. (1970). The economic system of Islam: A discussion of its goals and nature: Part I. Islamic Quarterly, 14(3), 3–18.Google Scholar
  4. Chell, E., & Karataş-Özkan, M. (2014). Handbook of research on small business and entrepreneurship. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cox, K., & Mair, A. (1988). Locality and community in the politics of local economic Development. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 78(2), 307–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dana, L. (2007). A humility-based enterprising community: The Amish people in Lancaster County. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 1(2), 142–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dana, L. (2009). Introduction: Religion as an explanatory variable for entrepreneurship and innovation. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 10(2), 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DiMaggio, P. (1994). Culture and economy. In N. Smelser & R. Swedberg (Eds.), The handbook of economic sociology (pp. 27–57). Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Ennis, C. (2013). Rentier 2.0: Entrepreneurship promotion and the (re) imagination of political economy in the Gulf cooperation council countries. Doctoral thesis, University of Waterloo, Canada.Google Scholar
  10. Fayolle, A. (Ed.). (2007). Handbook of research in entrepreneurship education: Contextual perspectives. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  11. Gangi, Y. (2017). The role of entrepreneurship education and training on creation of the knowledge economy: Qatar leap to the future. World Journal of Entrepreneurshi, Management and Sustainable Development, 13(4), 75–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greene, P. G., Brush, C., Eisenman, E. J., Neck, H., & Perkins, S. (2014). Entrepreneurship education: A global consideration from practice to policy around the world. Wellesley, MA: Babson College.Google Scholar
  13. Hassan, M. K., & Lewis, M. K. (2014). Islam, the economy and economic life. In M. K. Hassan & M. K. Lewis (Eds.), Handbook on Islam and economic life (pp. 1–18). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  14. Hägg, G., & Kurczewska, A. (2016). Connecting the dots: A discussion on key concepts in contemporary entrepreneurship education. Education & Training, 58(7/8), 700–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hess, M. (2004). Spatial relationships: Towards a re-conceptualization of embeddedness. Progress in Human Geography, 28(2), 165–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Morrison, A. (2006). A contextualization of entrepreneurship. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 12(1), 192–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Periz-Otiz, M., & Merigó-Lindahl, J. M. (2015). Entrepreneurship, regional development, and culture: An institutional perspective. New York: Springer International.Google Scholar
  18. Pistrui, D., & Fahed-Sreih, J. (2010). Islam, entrepreneurship and business values in the Middle East. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 12(1), 107–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ramadani, V., Dana, L., Geurguri-Rashiti, S., & Ratten, V. (2017). Entrepreneurship and management in an Islamic context. Switzerland: Springer International.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Roomi, M. (2011). Entrepreneurial capital, social values and Islamic traditions: Exploring the growth of women-owned enterprises in Pakistan. International Small Business Journal, 31(2), 175–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Roomi, M., & Harrison, P. (2011). Entrepreneurial leadership: What is it and how should it be taught? International Review of Entrepreneurship, 9(3), 1–44.Google Scholar
  22. Staniewski, M. W., Slomski, W., & Awruk, K. (2015). Ethical aspects of entrepreneurship. Filosofija Sociologica, 26(1), 37–45.Google Scholar
  23. Swedberg, R. (2003). The case for economic sociology of law. Theory and Society, 32(1), 1–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thomas, W. I., Znaniecki, F., & Strübing, J. (1984). The polish peasant in Europe and America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  25. Thornton, P. (2011). Socio-cultural and entrepreneurial activity: An overview. International Small Business Journal, 29(2), 105–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tok, M. E. (2017). States, markets, and communities: Rethinking sustainability and cities. Q Science Connect. Scholar
  27. Tok, M.E., & Kaminski, J.J. (2018). Islam, entrepreneurship, and embeddedness. Thunderbird International Business Review.
  28. Volkmann, C. K., & Audretsch, D. B. (Eds.). (2017). Entrepreneurship education at universities: Learning from 20 European cases. Bloomington: Springer International.Google Scholar
  29. Zeffane, R. (2014). Does collectivism necessarily negate the spirit of entrepreneurship? International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 20(3), 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Islamic Studies, HBKUDohaQatar
  2. 2.University of OttawaOttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations