Adolescent and Youth Mental Health in India: Policies and Programmes
- 94 Downloads
India is set to become the youngest nation of the world with the largest youth population. It is important to nurture the young population and ensure their physical and mental health, so they can maximise their potential. However, the data on prevalence of psychological disorders among adolescents and young individuals indicates that a significant section of adolescents and youth is experiencing psychological disorders and psychosocial distress. It is important to address this and strengthen efforts at the national level towards enhancing adolescent and youth wellbeing. This chapter therefore aims to provide comprehensive information about existing policies related to adolescent and youth mental health and exploring the possibility of creating a new policy specific to this group. The chapter also reviews some selected programmes and initiatives developed in the country and attempts to weave them in the context of existing policies. The chapter concludes by proposing recommendations across various levels in the service delivery sector including research, policy and programme implementation to effectively address adolescent and youth needs in the country. The chapter is targeted at mental health professionals, researchers, adolescent and youth leaders, policy-makers and community organisations across the nation, with an aim to collaborate and create efficient and effective practices to enhance the mental health of adolescents and youth in India.
KeywordsAdolescents and youth Adolescent mental health Youth mental health Mental health policy Mental health programmes
We would like to thank all the officials from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; representatives from the State Government of Maharashtra; representatives from the RKSK programme; policy-makers and experts who participated in the consultative meet; experts from the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru; practicing mental health professionals; and faculty at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences Mumbai for their invaluable inputs and recommendations.
- (n.d.). Retrieved August 2016, from Paigaam: A Message for Peace: http://www.paigaampeace.org/paigaam-shehjaar-bazaar.html
- (n.d.). Retrieved from Virtual Knowledge Network - NIMHANS: http://vlc.nimhans.ac.in/
- (n.d.). Retrieved September 2016, from The Y P Foundation: http://www.theypfoundation.org/
- (n.d.). Retrieved from White Swan Foundation: http://www.whiteswanfoundation.org/
- (n.d.). Retrieved from Karnataka Youth Portal, Department of Youth Empowerment and Sports, Govt. of Karnataka: http://www.karnatakayouthportal.in/
- (n.d.). Retrieved September 2016, from Youth Ki Awaaz: http://www.youthkiawaaz.com/
- Apnishala. (n.d.). Impact. Retrieved 2016, from Apnishala: http://www.apnishala.org/impact.html.
- Adolescent Health Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2014, January). RKSK Operational Framework – Translating strategy into programmes.Google Scholar
- Adolescent Health Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2015). Guidelines for Implementation of RKSK. New Delhi.Google Scholar
- Chandrashekarappa, S. M., Ramakrishnaiah, N. M., Ram, D., & Manjunath, R. (2016). Mental Health among adolescent girls - an effort to know the association of mental disorders with socio-demographic variables. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5(11).Google Scholar
- Consortium on Vulnerability to Externalizing Disorders and Addictions [c-VEDA]. (n.d.). Retrieved October 2016, from Research Councils UK: http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk/projects?ref=MR/N000390/1
- Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2016). Annual Report 2015–16. MOHFW.Google Scholar
- FundaMentalSDG. (2005). Position Paper: Mental Health Indicators for the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Retrieved September 2016, from http://www.fundamentalsdg.org/
- Gaur, A. D., Vohra, A., Subash, S., & Khurana, H. (2003). Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among 6 to 14 years old children. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 28(3), 133–137.Google Scholar
- Government of India. (2017). The mental healthcare act 2017. Government of India Ministry of Law and Justice. Retrieved from https://www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/Mental%20Health/Mental%20Healthcare%20Act,%202017.pdf.
- Indian Council for Market Research. (2008). Evaluation of district mental health Prograamme - final report submitted to Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Indian Council for Market Research. Retrieved from https://mhpolicy.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/evaluation-of-dmhp-icmr-report-for-the-ministry-of-hfw.pdf.
- Mental Health Services. (n.d.). Retrieved September 2016, from HELP Foundation: http://www.jkhf.in/
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2004, January). RKSK Strategy Handbook. New Delhi.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2011–12). Regional Workshops on National Mental Health Programme – A Report. Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2014, October). New Pathways New Hope: National Mental Health Policy of India.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India. (2013). The National Policy for Children 2013.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India. (2014). National Youth Policy 2014.Google Scholar
- Miranda, J. J., & Patel, V. (2005, October). Achieving the millennium development goals: Does mental health play a role? PLOS Medicine, 2(10), 0962–0965.Google Scholar
- Mishra, A. P. (2016, August 28). Mumbai slum women and girls find friends in ‘Police didi’. Retrieved August 2016, from The Indian Express: http://indianexpress.com/article/trending/trending-in-india/mumbai-slums-women-girls-find-friends-in-police-didi-3000779/
- National Sample Survey Organisation, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. (2002). NSS 58th round (July–December 2002). Government of India.Google Scholar
- NIMHANS. (2015). Community Child & Adolescent Mental Health Service Project 2nd quarterly report, January to March 2015. Dept. of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, NIMHANS Supported by Dept. of Women & Child Development, Government of Karnataka. Retrieved from http://www.nimhanschildproject.in/reports/.
- Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. (2011). Census of India. Retrieved August 2016, from Population Enumeration Data (Final Population): http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/population_enumeration.html
- Patil, R. N., Nagaonkar, S. N., Shah, N. B., & Bhat, T. S. (2013). A cross-sectional study of common psychiatric morbidity in children aged 5–14 years in an urban slum. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 165–168.Google Scholar
- Policy Group. (2012). XIIth Plan District Mental Health Programme. Retrieved from https://mhpolicy.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/final-dmhp-design-xii-plan2.pdfGoogle Scholar
- Prayas. (n.d.). Retrieved 2016, from Tata Institute of Social Sciences: http://www.tiss.edu/view/11/projects/prayas/Google Scholar
- PRIDE Progress Half Yearly Report Number 1. (2016). Retrieved September 2016, from Mental Health Innovation: https://mhinnovation.net/sites/default/files/downloads/innovation/reports/PRIDE%20PROGRESS%20HALF%20YEARLY%20REPORT%20NUMBER%201.pdf
- Project Chunauti. (n.d.). Retrieved from Tata Institute of Social Sciences: http://tiss.edu/view/11/projects/all-projects/chunauti/
- Reddy, B. K., Biswas, A., & Rao, H. (2011). Assessment of mental health of Indian adolescents studying in urban schools. Malaysian Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health Online Early.Google Scholar
- Santhya, K. G., Prakash, R., Jejeebhoy, S. J., & Singh, S. (2014). Accessing adolescent friendly health clinics in India: The perspectives of adolescents and youth. New Delhi: Population Council.Google Scholar
- Sharan, P., & Sagar, R. (2007). Mental health policy for children and adolescents in developing countries. Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 3(1), 1–4.Google Scholar
- Spandana - Developing and implementing district youth mental health promotion services in 10 districts of Karnataka through a district empowerment model – A Karnataka Youth Policy Initiative. (2015). Retrieved from National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences: http://nimhans.ac.in/spandana-developing-and-implementing-district-youth-mental-health-promotion-services-10-districtsGoogle Scholar
- The Lancet. (2016). Our future: A lancet commission on adolescent health and wellbeing. The Lancet.Google Scholar
- Thornicroft, G., & Votruba, N. (2015, May). Millennium development goals: lessons for global mental health. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 1–3.Google Scholar
- UNFPA. (2013). UNFPA strategy on adolescents and youth. UNFPA. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/resource-pdf/UNFPA%20Adolescents%20and%20Youth%20Strategy.pdf.
- World Health Organization (WHO). (2005). Mental health policy and service guidance package: Child and adolescent mental health policies and plans. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. (2014). Preventing suicide: A global imperative. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar