Evaluating Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Issues for Craftsmen in Metal Handicrafts

  • Sutapa PatiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 135)


The aim of this paper is to evaluate occupational health and safety (OHS) issues faced by traditional craftsmen in bell and brass metal handicraft process in Balakati metal craft cluster of Odisha. The process of handicraft metal work, though handled in a small scale, uses hazardous industrial processes of high-temperature melting, foundry work, beating, grinding, and machining; similar to hazard prone industrial processes. Craftsmen are exposed to serious OHS and ergonomics-based hazards. Modern industrial process mapping methodology including walk-through survey was conducted for the same. Different metals may be correlated with OHS hazards (toxicity, heat stress, and fumes), route of entry (inhalation, skin contact, and ingestion) and phase of hazard. This paper fills the gap in identifying the OHS hazards and also provides recommendations for design of control strategies such as personal protective equipment and process change in line with learnings from existing industrial practice.


Occupational health and safety (OHS) Hazard Ergonomics Metal craft 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Xavier School of SustainabilityXavier UniversityBhubaneswarIndia

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