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Role of Industries in Water Scarcity and Its Adverse Effects on Environment and Human Health

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Environmental Concerns and Sustainable Development

Abstract

Overpopulation day by day promotes industrial revolution, and manufacturing processes have become more efficient and productive, science has become much more advanced, and our life has changed a great deal. For water pollution and scarcity, many sources are responsible such as industrial wastewater, domestic sewage, storm water runoff, septic tanks water and agricultural practices. Out of which, industries play a key role and also release various toxic chemicals, organic and inorganic matters or sludge, radioactive sludge, sulphur, asbestos, poisonous solvents, polychlorinated biphenyl, lead, mercury, nitrates, phosphates, acids, alkalies, dyes, pesticides, benzene, chlorobenzene, carbon tetrachloride, toluene and volatile organic chemicals. These wastes when discharged into the water ecosystem without adequate treatment become very unhealthy for any type of human and other use. The industrial wastewater is responsible for many diseases such as anaemia, low blood platelets, headaches, risk for cancer, many skin diseases, etc. To prevent such type of issues, effective treatment technology, adequate treatment, water reuse, desalination, infrastructure repair and maintenance, water conservation and also strict pollution control law and legislation and their proper implementation do play an important role.

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Acknowledgements

The Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (RGNF) to Mr. Pankaj Chowdhary, UGC Fellowship to Ms. Sandhya Mishra for Ph.D. work and DST Project Grant as Major Research Project’ (Grant No.: EEQ/2017/000407) from the ‘Science and Engineering Research Board’ (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India (GOI), New Delhi, to Dr. R N Bharagava is dully acknowledged.

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Chowdhary, P., Bharagava, R.N., Mishra, S., Khan, N. (2020). Role of Industries in Water Scarcity and Its Adverse Effects on Environment and Human Health. In: Shukla, V., Kumar, N. (eds) Environmental Concerns and Sustainable Development. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-5889-0_12

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