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Spices Genetic Resources: Diversity, Distribution and Conservation

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Abstract

India is the land of spices and grows more than fifty spices all over. The major spices grown in the tropical areas of India are Black pepper, cardamom, ginger, turmeric and tree spices viz. cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, kokum etc. India is either primary or secondary center for many spices like black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon and garcinias. The depletion of forest area, rampant distruction of forest trees and under growths and changes in the agro – ecological condtions all have led to a sharp decline in the population of many spices and their related taxa. If not collected and conserved these valuable genetic resource may lost for ever. Collection of germplasm and their conservation is one of the major mandates of ICAR- Indian Institute of Spices Research (ICAR- IISR), Kozhikode, India. Collection of spices germplasm and their conservation measures carried out in the country by ICAR- IISR and other research organizations to preserve the genetic reources are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

  • Black pepper
  • Cardamom
  • Ginger
  • Turmeric
  • Tree spices
  • Conservation
  • Field genebank

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Acknowledgement

The authors express their sincere thanks to the Chief Principal Conservator of Kerala Forest Department for giving permission to collect samples from the forests of Kerala. We also thank Mr. A. Sudhakaran, Technical Officer, IISR, Kozhikode, for preparing the photographs.

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Correspondence to K. V. Saji .

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Saji, K.V., Sasikumar, B., Rema, J., Aravind, S., Nirmal Babu, K. (2019). Spices Genetic Resources: Diversity, Distribution and Conservation. In: Rajasekharan, P., Rao, V. (eds) Conservation and Utilization of Horticultural Genetic Resources. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-3669-0_9

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