Sensors in the Joining and Welding Process in Automobile Manufacturing

  • Mohit PandeyEmail author
  • Shreyansh Tatiya
  • Shantanu Bhattacharya
  • Shailendra Singh
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


Welding and joining processes are one of the key processes in the automobile industries, which give the core strength to the joint and consequently to the vehicle. The complex design of the vehicle and small parts creates difficulty for the manual joining process and therefore the need for automation has increased. The manufacturing companies spend a lot of money on the equipment and processes to maintain the high quality of the vehicle. The sensors are integrated along with the equipment in the welding and joining processes to improve the quality and decrease the risk of damage associated with the process. This review starts with different types of welding methods and then focusses on the sensors and its types.


Welding and joining Automobile manufacturing sensors Sensors for welding and joining Sensors and safety in the welding process 


  1. American Welding Society (2005) Fumes and gases, safety and health fact sheet no 1. Miami, FLGoogle Scholar
  2. American Welding Society (AWS) (1995) Confined spaces, safety and health fact sheet no 11Google Scholar
  3. Antonini JM (2003) Health effects of welding. Crit Rev Toxicol 33:61–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashby HS (2002) Welding fumes in the workplace: preventing potential health problems through proactive controls, professional safety, pp 55–60, Apr 2002Google Scholar
  5. Ben-Artzy A et al (2010) Wave formation mechanism in magnetic pulse welding. Int J Impact EngGoogle Scholar
  6. Blunt and Balchin (2000) Health and safety in welding and allied processes. Woodhead Publishing Limited, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  7. Chang YJ et al (2015) Environmental and social life cycle assessment of welding technologies. ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  8. Dawes CJ, Thomas WM (1996) Friction stir process welds aluminum alloys. Weld J 75:41–45Google Scholar
  9. Devarasiddappa D (2014) Automotive applications of welding technology—a study. Int J Modern EngGoogle Scholar
  10. Durand B (2001) Magnetic pulse welding process to decrease vehicle weight and increase fuel efficiency. Research and data for status report, 95-02-0055, pp 271–274Google Scholar
  11. Fard MH, Fard MH (2016) Impacts of welding on environmental problems and health and solutions to overcome these problems. In: Proceedings of 41st IASTEM international conferenceGoogle Scholar
  12. Golbabaei F et al (2012) Exposure to metal fumes among confined spaces welders. Ital J Occup Environ Hyg 3(4):196–202Google Scholar
  13. Gonser M, Hogan T (eds) (2011) Arc welding health effects, fume formation mechanisms, and characterization methods. InTechGoogle Scholar
  14. Groover MP, Kolchin MG (1997) Case study: automobile final assembly plantGoogle Scholar
  15. Hariri A (2012) Preliminary measurement of welding fumes in automotive plants. Int J Environ Sci Dev 3(2):146–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hewitt PJ (2001) Strategies for risk assessment and control in welding: challenges for developing countries. Ann Occup Hyg 45(4):295–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Introductory guide to sensor basics by Keyence CorporationGoogle Scholar
  18. Jack AH, Jeter W (1994) Laser welding of P/M for automotive applications. In: Proceedings of SAE international congress and exposition, Detroit, Michigan, USA, 28 Feb–3 Mar 1994Google Scholar
  19. Kumar P, Mistry J (2015) Impact of welding process on environment and health. Int J Adv Res Mech Eng Technol (IJARMET)Google Scholar
  20. Mansouri et al (2008) Gravimetric and analytical evaluation of welding fume in an automobile part manufacturing factory. J Res Health Sci 8:1–8Google Scholar
  21. Processes in the automotive industry, IFM electronicsGoogle Scholar
  22. Product catalog by Allegromicro, AllegromicroGoogle Scholar
  23. Product catalog by Baumer, Baumer TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  24. Product catalog by Docooler, DocoolerGoogle Scholar
  25. Product catalog by Omega, OmegaGoogle Scholar
  26. Product catalog by Omron Automation and Safety, OmronGoogle Scholar
  27. Product catalog by Tifomy, TifomyGoogle Scholar
  28. Sandström T (1995) Respiratory effects of air pollutants: experimental studies in humans. Eur Respir J 8:976–995Google Scholar
  29. Springer-Verlag (2003) The environmental management of fabrication by welding, welding in the world, vol 44, pp 42–51Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohit Pandey
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shreyansh Tatiya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shantanu Bhattacharya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shailendra Singh
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Micro Systems Fabrication Laboratory, Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  2. 2.Design ProgrammeIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  3. 3.Maruti Suzuki India LimitedGurugramIndia

Personalised recommendations