Wind Energy

  • J. PeutemanEmail author
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


The present chapter starts with an overview of some basic concepts concerning electrical power generation using wind turbines. Basic topics like the Betz limit and the importance of the power curve are explained. Harvesting energy is mainly a challenge due to the irregular behavior of the wind which explains the development of a large number of different wind turbine types. The dominance of three-bladed horizontal axis wind turbines is explained. The kinetic energy in the wind is used to drive the rotor, i.e., the translational motion of the wind is converted into a rotary movement of the rotor blades. Fluid mechanics are used to explain this conversion. Special attention goes to the drivetrain containing the generator which converts mechanical power into electrical power. The use of asynchronous generators, doubly fed induction generators, and synchronous generators are studied and compared. Finally, a number of technical challenges are considered. These challenges include the impact of the fluctuations of the power generation on the power balance of the electrical grid.


Betz limit Power curve HAWT Tip speed ratio Absolute and relative wind speed Induction generator Doubly fed induction generator Synchronous generator Power balance 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.M-Group (Mechatronics)KU Leuven, Campus BrugesBrugesBelgium

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