Advertisement

Wind Energy

  • J. PeutemanEmail author
Chapter
  • 531 Downloads
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)

Abstract

The present chapter starts with an overview of some basic concepts concerning electrical power generation using wind turbines. Basic topics like the Betz limit and the importance of the power curve are explained. Harvesting energy is mainly a challenge due to the irregular behavior of the wind which explains the development of a large number of different wind turbine types. The dominance of three-bladed horizontal axis wind turbines is explained. The kinetic energy in the wind is used to drive the rotor, i.e., the translational motion of the wind is converted into a rotary movement of the rotor blades. Fluid mechanics are used to explain this conversion. Special attention goes to the drivetrain containing the generator which converts mechanical power into electrical power. The use of asynchronous generators, doubly fed induction generators, and synchronous generators are studied and compared. Finally, a number of technical challenges are considered. These challenges include the impact of the fluctuations of the power generation on the power balance of the electrical grid.

Keywords

Betz limit Power curve HAWT Tip speed ratio Absolute and relative wind speed Induction generator Doubly fed induction generator Synchronous generator Power balance 

References

  1. Abad G, Lopez J, Rodriguez M, Marroyo L, Iwanski G (2011) Doubly fed induction machine: modeling and control for wind energy generation applications. IEEE Press, Hoboken, New Jersey. ISBN 978-0-470-76865-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Battisti L, Ricci M (eds) (2018) Wind energy exploitation in urban environment—TurbWind 2017 colloquium. Springer, Cham, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-74944-0Google Scholar
  3. Boyle G (ed) (2012) Renewable energy: power for a sustainable future. Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN-978-0-19-954533-9Google Scholar
  4. Cruz J, Atcheson M (eds) (2016) Floating offshore wind energy—the next generation of wind energy. Springer, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-29398-1Google Scholar
  5. Enercon website. https://www.enercon.de. Accessed 12 Aug 2018
  6. Emeis S (2018) Wind energy meteorology: atmospheric physics for wind power generation. Springer, Cham, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-72859-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gasch R, Twele J (2002) Wind power plants: fundamentals, design, construction and operation. Solarpraxis, Berlin. ISBN 3-934595-23-5Google Scholar
  8. Glasdam JB (2016) Harmonics in offshore wind power plants: application of power electronic devices in transmission systems. Springer, Cham, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-26476-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) website. http://gwec.net/global-figures/graphs/. Accessed 12 Aug 2018
  10. Heier S (2006) Grid integration of wind energy conversion systems. Wiley, West Sussex. ISBN 978-0-470-86899-7Google Scholar
  11. Jain P (2011) Wind energy engineering. Mc Graw Hill, London. ISBN 978-0-07-171477-8Google Scholar
  12. Kim H-M, Kinoshita T, Lim Y (2011) Talmudic approach to load shedding of islanded microgrid operation based on multiagent system. J Electr Eng Technol 6(2):284–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Köppel J (ed) (2017) Wind energy and wildlife interactions. Presentations from the CWW2015 conference. Springer, Cham, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-51272-3Google Scholar
  14. Letcher TM (ed) (2017) Wind energy engineering: a handbook for onshore and offshore wind turbines. Academic Press, London. ISBN 978-0-12-809451-8Google Scholar
  15. Lio WH (2018) Blade-pitch control for wind turbine load reductions. Springer, Cham, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-75532-8Google Scholar
  16. Masters GM (2004) Renewable and efficient electric power systems. Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey. ISBN 0-471-28060-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Manwell JF, McGowan JG, Rogers AL (2009) Wind energy explained: theory, design and applications. Wiley, West Sussex, United Kingdom. ISBN 978-0-470-01500-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. MHI Vestas Offshore Wind website. http://www.mhivestasoffshore.com/. Accessed 12 Aug 2018
  19. Siemens website. https://www.siemens.com. Accessed 12 Aug 2018
  20. Tavner P (2012) Offshore wind turbines: reliability, availability and maintenance. IET, London. ISBN 978-1-84919-229-3Google Scholar
  21. Twidell J, Gaudiosi G (eds) (2009) Offshore wind power. Multi-Science Publishing Co, Essex, United Kingdom. ISBN 978-0906522-639Google Scholar
  22. van Kuik G, Peinke J (eds) (2016) Long-term research challenges in wind energy—a research agenda by the European Academy of Wind Energy. Springer, Cham, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-46919-5Google Scholar
  23. Vestas website. https://www.vestas.com. Accessed 12 Aug 2018
  24. Wildi T (2006) Electrical machines, drives, and power systems. Pearson–Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. ISBN 0-13-196918-8Google Scholar
  25. WindEurope website—Annual Statistics 2017. https://windeurope.org/. Accessed 12 Aug 2018
  26. Xiong R, Li H, Zhou X (eds) (2018) Advanced energy storage technologies and their applications. MDPI, Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-3-03842-545-8Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.M-Group (Mechatronics)KU Leuven, Campus BrugesBrugesBelgium

Personalised recommendations