Conceptualizing the Climate Change Migration in South Asia
The climate change migration in South Asia has been silently reshaping the contours of human existence in an unprecedented fashion away from the national and global glare. The 2014 report of the IPCC on Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability unequivocally averred that impacts of climate change transpiring on all continents, countries and regions of the world that have presented a catch-22 situation for the humanity in making choices for its survival. Climate change has made catastrophic physical and socio-economic repercussions for the human existence universally and have emerged as the single most significant global sociopolitical and environmental concern. The climate change has been dominating the Global North scenarios in all their ecopolitical permutations, but it has not been prominently figured in the Global South socio-economic and ecocultural settings particularly in the SAARC region that has grown beyond the rubrics of a humanitarian crisis. Thus in the instant chapter, conceptualization of climate change migration has been attempted while critically exploring and evaluating the typology of climate change-induced displacement in South Asia. The emergence of a new class of displaced people called ‘climate refugees’ has been conceptualized with an understanding of its definitional dilemmas and dimensions from a multitude of perspectives. Therefore, it is essential to decipher the science of climate change in the context of South Asia and its susceptibility to climate change that has been causing human displacement and migration in the region.