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Experience with Farming Models, Socio-economic Issues and Agronomic Performance of Jatropha curcas L. in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Raphael Muzondiwa Jingura
  • Reckson Kamusoko
  • Abel Chemura
Chapter

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is a geographical region consisting of 49 countries, out of which at least 39 countries have experience with the cultivation of Jatropha curcas L. Since the year 2000, jatropha production escalated in SSA and peaked around 2007/2008. The major drivers of this trend were initial claims made about jatropha including its ability to grow on marginal lands, high seed and oil yields and being drought tolerant, amongst other attributes. This chapter describes the experience in SSA with jatropha cultivation. The objective is to outline how jatropha has performed in the region with a view to promote development work on the crop. It is now clear that the initial claims about jatropha have not been realized. Evidence in SSA has shown the major challenges as low seed yields, vulnerability to pests and diseases and low economic viability. This has been due to lack of elite planting materials, poor agronomic practices and inadequate crop management systems. These hindrances have to be addressed in order to transform jatropha into a viable commercial crop.

Keywords

Agronomic performance Crop management jatropha production Seed yield 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raphael Muzondiwa Jingura
    • 1
  • Reckson Kamusoko
    • 1
  • Abel Chemura
    • 1
  1. 1.Chinhoyi University of Technology (CUT)ChinhoyiZimbabwe

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