Jatropha curcas L. Latex Production, Characterization, and Biotechnological Applications

  • Luciane Madureira AlmeidaEmail author
  • Fábio Santos Matos
  • Elisa Flávia Luiz Cardoso Bailão
  • Pablo José Gonçalves


Latex is a fluid that flows out of some plants when injured and has been explored mainly for the rubber production and drug development. Particularly, latex obtained from Jatropha curcas L. is not used to obtain rubber but presents metabolites and bioactive compounds that possess potential medicinal applications. However, this latex was until now poorly scientifically investigated. In this chapter we will focus on its harvest, yield, chemical composition, and biotechnological applications of the J. curcas latex. Regarding the production, J. curcas latex is strongly influenced by environmental factors (water, light, nutrients, and temperature) that interfere in photosynthetic activity and endogenous conditions (fruit production and leaf senescence) determining the allocation of carbon for primary or secondary metabolisms. The main compounds found in J. curcas latex are curcain, curcacyclines A and B, and jatrophidin I, which present medicinal properties, such as wound healing, anticancer, and antioxidant. In addition to isolated molecules, the crude latex also presents antimicrobial, antiviral, antinematode, anti-inflammatory, procoagulant, and anticoagulant activities. J. curcas latex also has shown nanotechnological potential due to its capacity of reducing and capping agents and of avoiding nanoparticle aggregation. Since its use is quite recent and still little is explored, new possibilities for the development of bio-based products can arise and add more commercial value to this crop.


Bioactivities Curcacyclines Curcain Folklore medicine Laticifers Metabolites 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciane Madureira Almeida
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fábio Santos Matos
    • 2
  • Elisa Flávia Luiz Cardoso Bailão
    • 1
  • Pablo José Gonçalves
    • 3
  1. 1.Universidade Estadual de Goiás – Campus de Ciências Exatas e TecnológicasAnápolisBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Estadual de Goiás – Campus de IpameriIpameriBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade Federal de Goiás – Instituto de FísicaGoiâniaBrazil

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